In United States and other countries around the globe, noticeable steps have been implemented to ensure that public perception of the arts is strengthened. At the same time, the value of the artists and art has been recognized globally because of its ability to strengthen communities (Belfiore & Bennett, 2008). Despite the significant progress, artists are still perceived to be less important by a majority of Americans. According to a survey conducted in 2007, only 27 percent of Americans perceive that artists are important whereas an overwhelming 74 percent believes that art is beneficial to a country (Pettit & DiMaggio, 1998). Continue reading...
Perception Literature Reviews Samples For Students
Good Literature Review About Determining The Societal Norm Of Tipping
Tipping is a common activity between a service provider and the customer. It is very customary in the food services industry, and there is equal evidence of its practice in a number of other sectors. Determining how and why tipping takes place has been a research agenda for some time. This paper discusses the major views on this subject and demonstrates their contribution to the general debate on tipping. The works evaluated in this paper are those found to be central to the debate, specifically due to their nature of applicability, validity and comprehensive handling of the concept validity. Continue reading...
Cate Literature Review
Use of the First Language (L1) in Teaching a Second Language
This literature review will analyze previous studies that investigated similar problems to those given in the topic. The literature review will focus on three major areas: The effect of using student’s L1 in the English as a foreign language classroom; the relationship between teachers’ and students’ perception of language learning to the actual L1 and L2 use in the classroom; and teachers’ and students’ beliefs on the role of L1 and L2 in the Arabic foreign language classroom.
The effect of using student’s L1 in the English as a foreign language classroom
Many language scholars have conducted research on Continue reading...
Screening For Disease-Tuberculosis Literature Review Examples
Screening for Tuberculosis is one of the most challenging, yet an imperative practice for enhancing community health. The article presents various recommendations for improving the screening procedure for the tuberculosis. Initially, the article highlights that a standard for determination of which migrant populations should be screened should be established across the nations. Furthermore, more nations should adopt the two-step approach in the screening process to back-up the one-step approach widely used. All screening programs also should be based at standardized interpretation of the results in order to limit the errors that occur due to a large number of interpreters. Continue reading...
Why Average Faces Are Considered More Attractive Literature Review Sample
According to beauty oriented studies, averageness refers to the average phenotypic characteristics evident in a person. This is the facial outward appearance and one’s general appearance. They communicate about one’s fertility and health. A bigger proportion of the studies were based on photographic overlays in which the images are morphed together. Factors like youthfulness, similarity and symmetry are also considered when attractiveness is concerned.
There is a possibility of beauty not being in the eyes of the beholder. Beauty can be less arbitrarily considered as a cultural whims’ slave. Views on attractiveness do not vary across many Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Langston Hughes' Poem "Cross"
What are the possible interpretations of the title of Langston Hughes’ poem “Cross,” and how do these interpretations affect the way we read the poem?
There are many possible interpretations for the title “Cross” of this poem. One interpretation is about the speaker’s anger that he is of a mixed racial descent. He is a “cross breed” between a white and a black race. The speaker is undergoing an identity crisis. Another possible interpretation of the “cross” is that the speaker considers being a product of a mixed race a cross or a burden. He probably considers himself Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On The Yellow Wallpaper
At the turn of the 20th century, the roles of women remained unchanged and their social obligations were limited within the domestic sphere. Gilman’s work is revelation of inner thoughts of a woman trapped within her domestic life. This situation is apparent in the American culture back in the early 1900s. It is the period wherein American culture sees woman as an unpaid emotional slave endowed with a particular task of tending to her family’s needs. In addition to the agitation that women feel due to the kind of imprisonment they perceived during marriage, they also feel Continue reading...
Young Children's Color Preferences In The Interior Environment Literature Review Examples
The article “Young Children’s Color Preferences in the Interior Environment” includes the information about the results of the different studies focused on children’s perception of the basic colors. The author also included the information about the experiment that was held in a small town in Pacific Northwest. The aim of the reading is to help the designers to define the most preferred colors for children in order to prepare the children’s environment.
Basing on the previous studies of different researches the author informs us that color is an important aspect for child’s perception, moreover the Continue reading...
Homelessness In Women Literature Review Examples
Out of 1,593,150 people who experience homelessness every year, about 605,397 comprise of women living in shelters. Homelessness among women is due to poverty, lack of jobs and fund assistance from the public. A study was conducted to investigate how women become homeless and how to resolve the issue of homelessness. The methodology used in the study was qualitative meta synthesis, which involved the qualitative analysis and synthesis of existing research reports.
Perceived competency refers to how an individual interprets his ability to make decisions, take action, and positively influence the life of another person. Women Continue reading...
Example Of The Family System And Psychology Literature Review
Thesis Statement: Analysis of the theory of autopoiesis and social constructionism with respect to character and family through the reviews of two articles.
The inception of Psychology was not just aimed at studying the psychological stipulation and behaviour of a being it was envisaged that psychology would help in understanding the human mind better which would further help in improving the quality of life; be it through reading a criminal mind or strengthening the bond between life-partners. Certain aspects of psychology play a crucial role in determining the factors which affect individuals, their personalities, personal thoughts and family lives. Continue reading...
Nature And Time Keats Wordsworth And The Power Of Human Memory Literature Review Sample
What is the essence of nature, and does time impede that essence or is it a companion of nature, giving it its rhythms and courses? The Romantic poets of the eighteenth century spent a great deal of time pondering nature and time in their poetry, but none more so than William Wordsworth and John Keats. While both of them strove to understand man’s relation with nature and time, there were startling contrasts to how each of them approached the subjects. This contrast can be seen clearly in two poems, Wordsworth’s “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” and Continue reading...
Appearance And Nonverbal Communication Literature Review Examples
You can tell a lot about a person merely by what their appearance is telling you; these ‘channels’ of the body are what express the mind’s emotional state, and help to judge someone’s personality, and whether something is affecting their state of mind. Nonverbal behavior is an important component to forming impressions about people's personality, sociability, and mood, among other things (Ambady and Rosenthal, p. 439). When someone typically tries to figure out what someone’s emotional state may be, three determinants are used; the emotional state of the observer, the emotional state of the observed, and Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Swifts Satiric Technique In Gullivers Travels
Jonathan Swift’s powerful satire offers a misanthropist’s perspective of the world, one who has lost faith in and has succumbed to the disillusionment in humankind. Gulliver’s Travels is a glimpse into the real state of the human race, with most salient attacks on the social aspect of it: politics, religion, governmental structure and finally, the essence of what it means to be human. However, at the very end of the novel, it becomes clear that only a person who profoundly cares about the state of humanity could have written a work that touches upon all these Continue reading...
Escaping Himself Literature Review Examples
First this paper considers the primary motivation throughout the action of the play. Both Oedipus and his wife Jocasta express disbelief regarding the validity of both the oracle; and all oracles, and yet they continually endeavor to prove to themselves that the oracle has no power or influence over their lives. Throughout the action of the play, his obsession with discovering the 'truth', leads the reader to assume that he deep within himself there was some doubt regarding his beliefs, thereby resulting in his continual justification of his perceived beliefs. His search for the 'truth' highlighted his ability to Continue reading...
Visual Perception And Feature Integration Literature Review
Different theories have been generated with the aim of explaining the different forms of perception that human beings have. These theories have been effective in enabling people realize that perception is an aspect that is influenced by a variety of factors. Different stimuli will have an impact on the way different people will perceive different objects or situations.
The Feature Integration theory of attention by Anne Treisman and Garry Gelade tends to explain the reason why behind how different people will generate attention towards different objects or situations. The theory suggests that attention has to be directed to every Continue reading...
Free Literature Review About Conceptual Framework
Literature review involves a review of the secondary research literature to strengthen the theoretical concepts related to research and the insights provided by past researchers in the area. This section provides a detailed view of existing research literature on the topics related to the perceptions of employees on informal training practices and its possible impact on the job satisfaction. The literature review chapter develops the assessment of the information and research-based literature that was developed in the past that will guide the development of the research literature in the future. The section also provides a reference Continue reading...
Effect Of Customer Satisfaction On Brand Image Literature Review Example
Taiwan is a beautiful island located at the western part of the Pacific Ocean. It is easy to access from other cities and within 1-3 hours with airplane rides from Hong Kong, Shanghai, Tokyo, Seoul, Peking and Tokyo. Apart from its beautiful scenery, Taiwan also has diverse culture and gourmet. The Taiwanese government is highly active and heavily motivated for promoting development of leisure and tourism industry.
Accommodation for tourists is the most important and basic need for them. Therefore, hotel management and development has become a crucial issue in the hotel industry (Wang. et Continue reading...
Example Of These Are The Key Questions That The Research Seeks To Answer Literature Review
(Name of the Writer)
The literature review covers the challenge faced by McDonalds in the increasing opposition to its marketing its products to children and the image of its food products being unhealthy. The research objective is to find solutions for the company to implement so that it can change this perception about the company and reduce opposition to its business practices.
Section 1: Business Problem and Research Objectives
McDonald's Corp. is in the business of running a fast food chain, one of the largest worldwide. It serves fast food like burgers and French fries to people from all age groups and has a chain of Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On Work Place Dynamics: Implications For Nursing Care In Health Care Settings
Industrial/Organizational psychology is an applied science dealing with psychology of ‘people at work’. (Kalat 2002). The workplace dynamics comprise of both tangible and non-tangible elements, both of which impact on employee satisfaction. Satisfied employees tend to be more committed and enthusiastic about their work. Moreover, employee satisfaction and dedication is contingent on a number of closely related variables such as, employee engagement, empowerment, the perceived (organizational) support structures as well as the organization’s commitment to employee welfare. Employees feel empowered when they have more opportunities for interacting with colleagues, a certain level of decision making authority and are Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Customer Satisfaction (Dependent Variable)
Importance of Hotel Attributes Contributing to International Travelers’ Satisfaction in Singapore Luxury Hotel Industry- Literature Review
Importance of Hotel Attributes Contributing to International Travelers’ Satisfaction in Singapore Luxury Hotel Industry- Literature Review
International travelers visit different countries on business, leisure or personal purposes. These travelers are diverse in their demographic characteristics, spending patterns and preference for accommodation while travelling abroad. As travelers “what people really desire are not products, but satisfying experiences” (Abbott, 1955 cited in Palmer, 2010). Luxury hotels have embraced the idea of creating unique, valuable and unforgettable experiences so that they get repeat and loyal customers on a continuous basis. Morrison & Crane (2007) rightly emphasize that contemporary consumers no longer simply buy Continue reading...
Short Term- And Long-Term Consequences In Childhood Parental Death Literature Review Examples
Parental death in childhood is a traumatic experience for any child. Each child handles the passing of a parent differently and the ability to experience normal grief can depend on experiences before the death. Some children need no professional help after the death and seem to handle the tragedy by the normal grief process. Others have problems with depression or anxiety in the short-term; some children ‘act out’ with inappropriate behavior. The long-term consequences of the loss of a parent in childhood can be very strong; so strong that the Continue reading...
Good Example Of Barriers Of Implementation Tqm Approach In Hcos Literature Review
Introduction and Review
This paper will focus on a systematic review to determine the barriers of implementing TQM approach in health care organizations. Today, there is a need for realizing the TQM concept, essential in indicating the function of organizations, by trying to better put in use resources, and knowledge through individuals sharing and working together in teams. This is by identifying the obstacles hence, helps in the uncovering of management's beliefs, important in developing awareness of duties in daily management, which are regarded as “true”. TQM is a philosophy that proposes uniform obligation to quality, in all organizational areas towards Continue reading...
Language Barrier Between Patient And Nurse Literature Review Examples
Cross cultural communication barriers in provision of health care are global problems have been reported in various parts of the world. In provision of personalized care, it is necessary for nurses to consider the cultural identity and needs of patients in their care. It is therefore imperative for the nurse to play an ethical role in providing culturally acceptable care to the patients. The establishment of nurse patient therapeutic connection is dependent on the ability to communicate and share a common interpretation (McCarthy, Cassidy, Graham & Tuohy, 2013). Consequently, the therapeutic communication ought to be a focused and objective association Continue reading...
Critique Research Methodology In Nursing Literature Literature Review Example
Part – 1 (Assignment Worksheet Quantitative)
The title of the quantitative research study systematically attempts to explore the variables determining the performance of nursing students in NCLEX-PN licensure examination. The study variables including the test scores of nurses, their theory grades, nursing education, selective admission practices, cumulative GPA (grade point average), SAT/ACT/NLN scores and grades obtained in pre-nursing courses prove to be the preliminary factors in determining the success of nurses in NCLEX - PN examination. The evidence based research literature contends the significance of previous academic performance and examination preparation of nurses on their prospective performance in various professional evaluations (McKenzie, 2008, p. 30). Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On The Effect Of Age In Second Language Pronunciation Learning
Learning various languages expands the boundaries for people and provides the different opportunities to cross-cultural dialogue, business development and employment. About 60% of the World population speak more than one language. Acquiring correct and intellible pronunciation, according to general observation, is one of the hardest tasks for all language learners.
Most of the additional language learners develop an accent, that allows other people to distinguish non-native speaker and to make suggestions about her origin and native language. Presence of an accent commonly does not change intelligibility of the speech (perceived phonological constancy, Mulak et al., 2013), that is proved Continue reading...
Literature Review On Quality Of Work Life
2. Literature review
The phrase Quality of work life (QWL) according to Stephen and Dhanapal (2011); Bagtasos (2011), originates back in 19th century labor conference at Arden House, Columbia University. Stephen and Dhanapal states that people use the term to refer to the well-being of organization employees. Nevertheless, Normala (2010) uses business perspective to define QWL as employee satisfaction and their work related behaviors. Stephen and Dhanapal indicates that QWL also affects employees in the way they response to their work in terms of job performance, job effort, organization identification, job involvement, job satisfaction, personal alienation, intention to quit Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Research Objectives And Data Collection Plan
The principal objectives of this research project are to:
Find the source of the problem that discourages employees from staying within the organization
Determining the different issues faced by employees that are leading to the high turnover observed at the organization
Data collection plan
In order to address the research objectives outlined above, a mixed methodology will be employed. This implies that both primary and secondary data will be collected in order to address this objectives.
The first source of primary data for the research will be exist interviews. Exit interviews will provide both qualitative and quantitative data that Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Warm Demandingness At The Elementary And Secondary School Levels
The Role of the Teacher in Fostering a Positive Impact through Warm Demanding versus the Academic Performance of Students in Public School Setting: A Correlational Study
This part of the research is a review of literature and related studies on the role of the teachers in using warm demanding or not and how it influences the academic performance of public school students. Warm demandingness is not just about caring to students, but also include insisting them to meet expected and actual academic standards of learning. In view of the previous literature on the subject, many authors (e.g., Holland, 2012; Continue reading...
Free Mental Health Issues With Women, Who Are Sexually Assaulted Literature Review Example
Sexual assault of women is a pervasive crime that exerts significant influence both on the lives of women, who become victims of gender-based violence, and the communities, where these women live (Klump, 2006, p.67). Sexual assault against women is epidemic to American culture (Miller, Markman and Handley, 2007, p.129). A woman can face a sexual assault both in childhood and adulthood. Different kinds of both physical and mental diseases tend to be prevalent in women, who have experienced sexual assault or another kind of gender-based violence in childhood or adulthood. The women also tend to report specific emotional conditions, Continue reading...
Employee Retention In Hospitality Industry Literature Review
Staff turnover is vital for a hospitality organization, especially when the organizations aim at a high-quality service. The focus of the hospitality business must be to provide outstanding service that will give a memorable experience to the guests. For offering such experience, trained and happy people are required. A high rate of employee turnover has negative and immediate effect on the organization.Hospitality industry is a labor intensive industry, requiring a variety of skills, knowledge and attitudes, and levels of competency. The labor turnover rate in the hospitality industry is observed as higher than other segments. Many positions are available Continue reading...
Free Literature Review About What Does The Fox Say
William Faulner’s ‘As I Lay Dying’ is a literature piece depicting the social interaction in a family setting. The literature piece involves the use of many symbolic applications in the unreal world and other factors from human characters. Faulkner expands his imagination beyond the human character. However, Faulkner uses each and every symbolism in the novel in relation to human character. Furthermore, characterization in the novel is based on human character that can be compared or symbolized through another non-human character. This ability ensures the continuity of the plot as the characters are developed under different archetypes.
Faulkner Continue reading...
The Birth-Mark And The Minister's Black Veil Literature Review Examples
Literary techniques have been thoroughly used in the novels as the authors seek to engage with the imaginative abilities of the reader. The two authors have almost similar use of literary techniques as the two narrations carry the same significance in terms of indulging the audience to relate to a particular factor of event in the literature pieces. Additionally, the two novels use direct stories but with deeper significant meaning which needs the indulgence of comparisons in real life to understand the real intent by the authors. One significant literary technique used in the both novels is symbolism. Symbolism Continue reading...
Literature Review On Perceived Usefulness Of Students Electronic Devices
The rapid emergence of the new media and the accessibility and the “must have” trend regarding the innovative, breakthrough electronic devices (smartphones, tablets, netbooks, laptops, etc.), fulminated in the students’ environment with using these devices in the classroom setting, for various purposes or activities, not directly related, or totally not related with the education purposes.
Information communication and technology (ICT) is considered to be a sound element leading the way to modernization throughout the world, even in the third world or fourth world countries, where, as a Microsoft report (2007, p. 7) indicates, ICT enables growth and social and Continue reading...
Recidivism In Child Sex Molestation Literature Review Example
A brief review
Recidivism rates are very instrumental in the policy making, offender incarceration and treatment. However when these rates are surrounded by uncertainty and are lacking, these rates do more harm than good. This is truer in sexual crimes, particularly in child molestations. While criminological literature emphasizes low recidivism rates for sexual criminals, the public fueled by media, consider it otherwise. Nonetheless recidivism rates are high for child molesters among the sexually offending group. Even among child molesters, there is much difference between the intra-familial and extra-familial groups too. Framework models and tools help specialists in identifying individuals with high Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Court
Natural Harmony vs Gender
The issues of gender roles, femininity and sexuality became most controversial in the modern world. It may seem that feminist and queer theories are inventions of the information age, but the questions of female sexuality, femininity and gender roles imposed by society can be tracked to the ancient Greece and famous female philosopher Sappho, who was one of the very few to speak of the controversial matter of all times. In the present paper, the work of another famous feminist writer Charlotte Perkins Gilman is discussed.
In her utopian novel “Herland” (1919), Gilman created a symbolic critical analysis of Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About A Comparison Between Supermarkets And Discounters In The UK
Definitions of Terms
A supermarket is a big type of grocery store that offers self-services. It has diverse varieties of household and food items that are organized into walkways. The size is larger and wider than grocery store, but it is smaller and more restricted in the choice of commodities they sell than a hypermarket (Blythe, 2008). A discounter is a smaller type of supermarket that offers its services and products under a subsidized price as compared to the indicated process. The services however are like those initiated at the supermarket the only difference coming into play through prices. A customer under Continue reading...
Free Transgender Issues: Literature Review Example
Sexuality and gender are social constructs, which may differ depending on the norms of society (Reis & Carothers, 2014). In a heterocentric society, certain attributes are reserved to describe either male or female individuals, with characteristics such as aggressive and strong being relegated to males and women being considered as more caring and emotional (Reis & Carothers, 2014). However, not all individuals fit neatly within the categories dictated by society and the challenges of individuals who are treated as “outliers” of society’s norm can be overwhelming, leading to emotional and physical distress, bullying, and social inequalities that have the ability Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On 3D Modeling And Animation
What follows below are the abstracts of articles on the instructional uses of 3D modeling and animation. There is a total of eight articles, and then there is a description of the search strategy and findings. Finally, there is a literature review on the topic with the comparison and contrasts on the findings from the articles covered and conclusions made from these articles. There is a demonstration of how these findings can be applied to a potential future 3D animation project.
Chapter 18. The Animation and Interactivity Principles in Multimedia Learning
This first article is titled the animation and interactivity principles in multimedia learning. The article starts by examining Continue reading...
Good Online Shopping Research Literature Review Example
The rise of electronic commerce (e-commerce) in the last decade has been well documented. Beginning with Amazon for books (and more categories added later), and moving on to a number of other spheres including travel, fashion, and a number of services, e-commerce has seen tremendous growth, with increasing number of consumer preferring it as the channel of choice for shopping. Even those customers that buy from retail stores are likely to go online and compare products and prices before deciding what to buy and where. Due to its universal reach, a wide range of retailers can use Continue reading...
Qualitative: A Literature Review Literature Review Sample
What are the perceptions of students in health-related undergraduate programs of the health behaviours of their peers (e.g. alcohol consumption, smoking) ?
Undergraduate students taking courses related to human health have various perceptions of the behavior that may affect their health, if this behavior is exhibited by their peers (Zhang, 2011, n.p.). Ridder, Heuvelmans, Visscher, Seidell, & Renders (2010) argue that there is a relationship between the actual behaviours reported about students and perceived behaviour by the medical students in Netherlands. The authors used a sample of 1608 students issued with questionnaires regarding the number of students engaged in alcohol Continue reading...