U.S. 211, Addyston Pipe and Steel Company v. U.S. (1899)
U.S. 211, Addyston Pipe and Steel Company v. U.S. (1899)
1. Provision of the Antitrust Laws
The provisions invoked in the case were sections one and two of the Sherman Act, 1890. The provisions illegalized any persons or group of persons who shall in one way or another conduct themselves in a manner that would restrain trade. The conduct includes matters of contract and or trusts. In addition, the Constitutional clause on commercial transactions between states was also invoked as being ancillary to the matters at hand.
2. The Continue reading...
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Essays on Crime - Page 68
U.S. 211, Addyston Pipe And Steel Company V. U.S. (1899) Is Landmark Antitrust Case Case Study Example
U.S. 211, Addyston Pipe and Steel Company v. U.S. (1899)
HR Law Case Study Example
Citation: Toyota Motor Mfg., Ky., Inc. v. Williams, 534 US 184 (2002).
Who is appealing on what issues?
The petitioner to the United States Supreme Court is Toyota Motor Manufacturing, Kentucky. They are appealing a decision by the Court of Appeals of the Sixth Circuit that Williams’ impairments substantially limited her in the major life activity of performing manual tasks, thus meeting the definition of “disabled” under the American Disabilities Act (ADA). In particular, they are asserting that the Court of Appeals applied an improper standard in making that determination.
What happened in the lower court?
Williams Continue reading...
Case Study On 340 U.S. 76, U.S. V. Gypsum Co. (1950)
U.S. v. Gypsum Co. (1950)
This was a case, which was argued on October 19, 1950 and decided on November 27, 1950. The proceeding was actually filed in the year 1940 in District Court of United States for Colombia District by United States under the Attorney general’s authority. The complaint that was charged was a long –continued conspiracy or plot by the defendants in the restraint of trade in the gypsum products amongst numerous states and in Columbia District, and a like monopoly, all in desecration of Sherman Antitrust Act.
The defendants, appellees or respondents in this case, Continue reading...
Example Of Term Paper On Challenges For Female Police Officers
Police force is a very important department in America. The police officers play a very significant role in the society. It is no secret that the American police forces are largely dominated by men. There are fewer female officers as compared to their male counterparts. Obviously, the few female officers are faced with lots of challenges. This makes it difficult for them to cope up with the working conditions in which they are expected to discharge their duties. This paper gives a critical evaluation of female police officers. It does this by focusing on the historical trends, their numbers, Continue reading...
Research Proposal On Youth Criminals In The State Of California
Ferro, Jeffrey. Juvenile Crime. New York, NY: Facts on File, 2003. Print.
Jeffrey Ferro’s journal article “Juvenile Crime” gives a state by state description and analysis of juvenile or youth crime. Since my research focuses on California, it was the state that I tended to concentrate more on. He gives illustrations as to why the youth decide to become delinquent and also gives a brief history of youth criminals in California. The only negative quality that I would probably attribute to Ferro’s literature is that he tends to concentrate more on the reasons why the youth in Continue reading...
Example Of Case Study On Texaco Inc Vs. Hasbrouck
This was a case that was argued on 5th December in the year 1989 and decided on 14th June in the year 1990.The origin of the case dates as back as between the years 1972 and 1981 whereby Texaco (petitioner) sold gasoline to independent retail companies at its RTW prices but gave additional discounts to Dompier and Gull which saw the two companies gaining a competitive edge other retailers. The retailers suffered a very severe decline and consequently filed a suit against Texaco in 1976 for violating the provisions of the Robinson-Patman’s Amendments on to the Clayton Act Continue reading...
Free Book Review On Gangs
Williams, S. T., & Barbara Cottman B. (1998). Life in prison. New York: Morrow Junior Books.
The book is a non-functional preface by a Swiss legislator explaining why he nominated Williams for a Nobel Prize, and an effusive if evasive foreword by collaborator Becnel, quickly get out of the way for the real appeal of this volume. A cofounder of the notorious Crips gang in California gives an account of his life on death row, convicted for four murder charges. Williams opens his account of what it feels like to be in a death row at by stating, “Prison is Continue reading...
Prisons Report Example
The institution of prisons suffices for the discharge of various criminal functions and purposes. The model on which the prison is applied ought to inform the designs and structure of the institution with the aim of ultimately achieving the overriding objective. This paper shall examine the designs and structures recommended for custodial, rehabilitation and reintegration models.
The custodial model essentially suffices for incarcerating from the prisoners the public. For this reason, the model would be designed in a secure building. To this extent, the prisons should be located in remote areas away from urban centers. In addition, the prison Continue reading...
346 U.S. 537, Theater Enterprises, Inc. V. Paramount Film Distributing Corp. ET Case Study Sample
346 U.S. 537, Theater Enterprises, Inc. v. Paramount Film Distributing Corp. et al (1954)
- Abstract of case
The case relates to a Supreme Court appeal decided on January 4th 1954 in which the petitioner was seeking to have the court find the defendants liable in violation of the Anti-Trust laws. The petitioner resided on the Sherman Act and the Clayton Act. The contention lay in the manner in which the first and subsequent runs of a film were conducted by the defendants to the detriment of the petitioner and whether their action (which in the opinion of the Continue reading...
Government Measures To Decrease The Level Of Robbery Report Examples
This paper will discuss the measures the government will have to take to decrease the level of robbery which will include the criminal policies that has combined both prevention and conservative and deterrence programs. The main problem is the failure to strictly implement the law and weakly defined goals. The technical methods shall also be discussed such as planning, programming and budgeting systems (PPBS), and the cost benefit analysis in order to determine the efficiency of the program. Another consideration to ensure the efficiency of the policy is to address the targeted issue. The best way to enforce Continue reading...
International Criminal Justice Practice Research Paper Examples
Crime is a problem that has been persistent in society in the past and still is today and will be there in the future. The study of the trends of crime is one aspect that will assist in policy making. The past makes the present and the future. This essay will show how the crime trends have evolved in the past present and their impact in the future. Crime trends are defined as a significant change in the nature of selected crime types within a defined geographical area and time period. It is a measure of significant change in Continue reading...
American Prison Systems Research Paper
According to Thomas (2005), the crime rate in 2003 was almost the same as it was in 1973, but the number of people in prisons grew sevenfold. This is a real public policy puzzle because if the number of offenders did not change over the period, it would be appropriate to question the cause of the number of inmates to rise from 300,000 to nearly 2.3 million. The increase media attention in the late 1980s and early 1990s of high profile cases, and law and order demagoguery by politicians all played a part, of course. Nevertheless, the Continue reading...
The Rule Of Law And The Judges Trial Essay Sample
On December 10, 1942, Edward Raczynski of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Polish government-in-exile sent a note to the Allies concerning the Nazi’s extermination of Jews in German-occupied Poland (Finch 30). Seven days later, the United Nations issued a joint declaration describing the events of the Holocaust, including the so-called Nuremberg Laws. These laws were announced at the annual Nazi Party Rally in Nuremberg in September 15, 1935. Their effect and intent were predominantly anti-semitic, making widespread discrimination against Jews legally binding. Some examples of these regulations were the closure of all Jewish-owned businesses, the Continue reading...
Militarization Has Not Enhanced National Security As It Infringes On The Fundamental Research Paper Examples
The Militarization of U.S. Policy after 9/11 and Its Effects on National Security
Americans will live to remember September 11, 2009. The events that took place left a scar in the lives of many individuals who lost loved ones. The bombings revealed how vulnerable the United States was to attacks. This prompted the government to impose measures that would assist in enhancing security in the country. George Bush hinted this in a speech he gave. He said that the country concluded to face every threat posed by any source meant to bring sudden suffering and terror to America. He Continue reading...
DNA Forensics And Criminal Justice Research Paper Example
Since its introduction in the United States in 1987, the use of forensic techniques analyzing deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) has evolved into a standard form of evidence in criminal proceedings (Calandro, Reeder, & Cormier). There are at least three major ways that DNA forensics can be utilized in combating crimes. First, it can act as evidence of the presence of a suspect at the scene of a crime, or for certain crimes that can leave DNA evidence such as rape, even stronger evidence in support of guilt. Second, DNA forensics can be utilized to help solve older crimes that have gone Continue reading...
Geographic Or Spatial Data Essay
According to Santos (2013), there are three different types of data collection and storage systems which involve records management systems (RMSs), Computer-aided Dispatch (CAD), and Geographical data system. CAD is extremely specialized system that applies geographical and telecommunication display to collect information that can aid police in response and dispatch functions. Record management system is designed as a system that can collect and store data regarding the police records. On the other hand the function of the Geographic Data System is to create, maintain and store geographical data and is typically used in city or county level. All these Continue reading...
Human Trafficking: Literature Review Example
There is plenty of literature on human trafficking. Much of the available literature relates to human trafficking on women and children. According to Laczko and Gramegna (2004) these two groups are the hardest hit by the illegal trade. In order to avoid ambiguity, most studies and books have described human trafficking as coercion or forceful involvement of people into activities against their wish for commercial gain (Laczko & Gramegna, 2004; Farrell, 2011). In spite of numerous efforts to fight the trade, the number of people affected by human trafficking is still high. A study by the Polaris Project estimates that Continue reading...
Occupational Socialization Essay Examples
This research paper will discuss the importance of standard procedures in the process of employment in the criminal justice agencies, particularly the law enforcement agencies. The formal occupational organization includes the process of hiring and training of employees in criminal justice agencies to promote positive relationships across ethnic and gender lines. In the case of recruitment and training of law enforcement agencies, there are personal characteristics and traits that have to be met in order to guarantee a position on the agency. At the same time, the significance of college degree as one of the requisites will be Continue reading...
Curse Case Study Examples
The name of this case is stated as R.V WILLIAMS. This case is basically a case where it is presented as Victor Daniel Williams V Her Majesty the Queen. The interveners into this case
Included the Attorney General of Canada, Attorney General for Ontario, Aboriginal Legal services of Toronto Inc, the African Canadian Legal Clinic, the Urban Alliance on Race relations as well as the criminal Lawyers’ Association which was based in Ontario. This case report was obtained from File No.24 June the 4th in the year 1998.The people present when the case was presented includes: Lamer C.J, Gonthier, Continue reading...
Offender Profiling: Article Review Essay
The article “Offender profiling: Psychological and methodological issues of testing for behavioural consistency” by Salfati (2008) summarized the research results of various studies in the field of offender profiling with specific attention to using the concepts of offender profiling to linking serial crimes and offender consistency. The article aimed to discuss key methodological issues, mainly focusing on validity and reliability of offender profiling and its development as a field of science, in three interlinked areas of recent profiling research, which included individual differentiation, behavioral consistency, and inferences about offender characteristics.
The first key point was to discuss shortcomings in Continue reading...
Reading The Material And Respond The Questions Essay
Philosophy 334 Summer Essays
Business cultures exists with a primary goal of profit. This compromises the ethical conduct of a business since all other things, including morals and ethics, often take the back seat in order to make way for maximization of profits.
We will return to this case as a comparison later, as it has bearing on the similar case of XYZ Hose Co. in which a design for hoses to distribute anhydrous ammonia to fertilize farmer’s fields. These cases represent a micro and macro view of liability in which a forprofit company caused problems in the life of citizens. Legally, Continue reading...
Death Penalty: Is It A Necessary Evil Essay Example
Death penalty debate has been around for quite long. Arguments for and against have provided platforms for justifying decisions taken. Adherents for death penalty have had their various reasons for supporting their positions. Efforts to determine public opinion on death penalty has been based on opinion polls. There has been little or scanty research methodologies on death penalty which has limited substantial research on capital punishment. After the Furman vs Georgia case in 1972 in which justice Marshall ruled against death penalty citing violation of U.S constitution’s 8th amendment (Cruel & Punishment clause). Based on justice Marshall’s judgment, Continue reading...
Example Of Facilitator Research Paper
Sophocles Oedipus-analysis of the play
The play revolves around a young Greek man who is almost run over by a chariot belonging to a rich arrogant person. This defines the position that Oedipus takes in the society. The play developed in a Greek mythology. Oedipus meets a lot of riddles and challenges that move him to the state of solution and prompts him to use his problem solving skills and resolution tactics. Eventually, due to the solution of one of the riddles that faced him, he rises and becomes the king of Thebes. The previous king is murdered by unknown person, which put Oedipus Continue reading...
Example Of Trial By Fire Article Review
My stand is that citizens should never be executed. Executing a citizen amount to a gross violation of ethics and it brings more harm than correction. In the emotional perspective, execution of a citizen leaves a mark that cannot be erased on hearts of persons close to the executed person, it can never heal. Rather than being a corrective means, it turns out as a traumatizing experience to the family members of the executed; it can take a very long time for them to recover and come into terms with the reality. Capital punishment can very effectively be replaced Continue reading...
Example Of Legalization Of Marijuana Argumentative Essay
The attempts to make marijuana legal began in the early 1970’s with a push on political, economic and social factors (Gupta, 2013). There has been incongruence between the public’s understanding of the drug and scientific knowledge. Most users and non-users refer to their experiences with the drug rather than its scientific and economic implication. Just like any other drug, some marijuana users stop after trying it once or twice while others become addicted (Ford, 1997). Statistics from NACADA indicate that at least two out of ten people who try marijuana become addicted, and develop dependence that produces Continue reading...
The Coeducation Of Schools Argumentative Essay Example
- Introduction & Thesis Statement
There are different theories that have been created regarding the purpose of an education. Education is not only meant to impart knowledge on learners, but is also meant to shape the moral code of values of the individuals. In this way, education systems produce well-rounded individuals who are both knowledgeable and of great service to their societies. In an effort to create the most favorable educational environment, there have been arguments both for and against coeducation of schools. Proponents of coeducation are of the view that such an education enhances responsibility among students, holding of Continue reading...
Argumentative Essay On The Stop And Frisk Policy
"In that moment you are so scared," that is how Kasim Walters, a 17 years old New Yorker described his feelings when he was stopped by the police in his neighborhood in Brooklyn (Weir). The controversial stop and frisk policy came into effect in New York following the Terry v. Ohio case in 1968 in which the Supreme Court of the US made a significant ruling that a police officer doesn't violate the Fourth Amendment when he stops and frisks someone suspected on reasonable grounds of having committed a crime, about to commit a crime or is committing a Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Left-Wing Issues
The Los Angeles Independent Media Center a non-commercial local unit of the Independent Media Center or Indy media which is a collective network of journalists aimed at reporting on different socio-political issues. The website of the Los Angeles Independent Media Center features and shares left wing issues on the web to spread awareness of the events. They have a wide-ranging left wing issues segmented into different categories from anti-war to immigration and animals rights. Some of the left-wing issues covered in the website includes the following:
i) One of the most debatable issues today is the consumption of genetically Continue reading...
Free Critical Thinking On The Cask Of Amontillado: An Expedition To The Human Psyche
The Cask of Amontillado is a gripping story by Edgar Allan Poe which explores the realm of human emotions. The author pens the literary work and aptly exudes his expertise though the various devices which are used to enhance the tumultuous influence of the story on the minds of the readers. A close analysis of the characters and the theme along with the other literary devices will make one comprehend the excellence and the paramount influence of the story on the human minds. The author personifies his “hostile feelings and thoughts, symbolizing the repressed instincts of the personality” in Continue reading...
Example Of Critical Thinking On International Journal Of Police Science And Management
The County Sheriff’s Leadership and Management Decisions in the Local Budget Process Revisited
The article revisits the research by LaFrance and Placide and confirms the participation of elected sheriffs in the leadership rather than the management of their system. The article takes the view, which is deduced from the research and analysis that, elected sheriffs would corporate with the legislative assembly for the solution of budgetary deficits and or problems. This serves to illuminate the critical issues incident to the introduction of election of sheriffs as opposed to appointment of Sheriffs. The article propounds a number of reasons that support the election rather than the appointment of sheriffs. It runs short of Continue reading...
Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, And The War On Terror Essay Examples
Habeas corpus is defined as the writ in which the person who has been arrested faces trial to defend their innocence. This writ of habeas corpus is a term from the legal phrase called that you have the body. This is made into law in which it is a must for all who are detained to be taken to the courts and judged without any prejudice. This is a way for the jurisdiction to show people the reasons why they have arrested a person. The habeas corpus is a very important tool for the American and English laws especially Continue reading...
Bill Of Rights: Amendments To The American Constitution Essay Sample
The Bill of Rights is a collection of the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution. The rights protect the liberty, natural rights and the property of American citizens (Vile, 2010). The following is an analysis of three of the amendments and a reviewing of one of the amendments.
Amendment 1: Freedoms, Petitions and Assembly
This amendment states that congress shall make no laws that undermine the right of the people to exercise the freedoms to assemble, speech, press and petition the government (ushistory.org). It outlaws the establishment of a state or federal religion and gives people the freedom to assemble and belong Continue reading...
Argumentative Essay On Juveniles And Crime
The law states that children under the age of seven should not be held responsible for any crimes they commit. The subject as to what age children should be held responsible for their actions has been hotly debated. Some feel that the legal system is too lenient while others feel we are too harsh (Henberg, 1990). By taking a look at psychological developmental factors, we may be able to better understand a child’s cognitive ability in relation to criminal responsibility.
Juvenile crimes, like that in this case study, remains a very serious epidemic (Henberg, 1990). For this reason, Continue reading...
Free Case Study On The Scourge Of The Lynch Mob
Lynching is defined as unlawful act of terminating one’s life through shooting, hanging, and burning, with the intention of inflicting fear, intimidation, oppression, punishing people accused of violating laws and social norms, and imposing control of a given population. It was commonly conducted by mob thus fuelling social injustice in the society. In most cases, politicians have used lynching as a way of punishing people who fight against the ruling regimes and poses a social challenge to them. However, lynching is considered a felony and unlawful act that is punishable under the law (Apel, 40).
Historically, lynching emerged Continue reading...
Absconder - Where The Location Of The Child Is Not Known And A Legal Requirement Essay
Reflective Essay on a Missing Child in Care (England and Wales)
This piece of work gives an account of a missing young person in care and I have decided to highlight this given its frequency whilst on placement. I will like to stress that this type of case accounts for nearly 20% of all the children tasks I carried out in my 100 days placement and more prominent on weekends starting on Fridays. The referral was received from the residential care home manager that the 16 year old girl named Chloe had disappeared when she was taken out on a contact. Chloe was been looked after by social services under Continue reading...
Research Paper On Probation In The State Of Georgia
According to Georgia Code of Conduct, the criminal procedure state that an individual can be subject to life without parole, life imprisonment, or death penalty. However, if he/she pleads guilty of misdemeanor or felony, the judge is entitled to fix the sentence of the number of weeks, months or years within the limits prescribed by law as a punishment of that crime. The judge is entitled to suspend or probate all or part of the sentence consistent with the provisions of Article 9 of Chapter 8 of Title 42. Additionally, the judge also has the authority to revoke the Continue reading...
Transformation Through Crisis Essay Examples
Transformation is a theme that has come out strongly in the three novels ‘a lesson before dying’, ‘A Doll's House’ and ‘A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier’. Through the stories, the characters are encountered by uncomfortable situations where they have to fight their way out. The hardships that they went through proved to be significant not only to them but also served the purpose of delivering the others around them. Despite what they had to go, at the end they appreciated the fact that it was in fact through their crisis that the others who were Continue reading...
Example Of Essay On The Success Of Rehab Programs In The Prison System
It is a matter of huge concern that American corrections system is not succeeding in the effectiveness on rehabilitation of the prison population. Also, it is a striking fact that the rate of re-arrest is also extremely high in the country. As such, educational programs initiated in prisons and jails can be explored even more as a way to reduce the relapse in crime in America. Since the inception, prisons have combined punishment and rehabilitation and Michel Foucault has aptly described that punishment has shifted from the disciplining of one’s body to the “soul” with time.
This brings Continue reading...
Essay On Criminal Justice: How And Why The Victim Impact Statement Law Has Been Developed
Initially, the law governing the use of Victim Impact Statement (VIS) was not in existence. After a long struggle, the law has been amended, and the testimony of a victim is admissible in a court of law (Cassell, 2009). The Supreme Court of the United States of America has contributed to the development of this law in a variety of ways. First, the law is recognized in the constitution which is upheld by the supreme court of the United States of America. This enhances the legality of a victim’s statement during trial. Secondly, the Supreme Court allows victims Continue reading...
Essay On Physical Punishment
There are various ways one can discipline a child and physical or corporal punishment is one of the tactics frequently employed by parents as disciplinary action. Physical punishment refers to the act of hitting a child to control undesired behavior. Spanking is one such example of physical punishment that 75% parents use in USA to discipline their wards. The concept of positive punishment was first used by psychologist B. F. Skinner in his theory of operant conditioning and spanking is a positive punishment because it aims at discouraging an inappropriate behavior by presenting an adverse outcome. Though there are Continue reading...