Collective bargaining can be termed is a process of negotiations which exist between employers and a group of employees aimed at reaching agreements which entail a better working environment for the employees.(Arthur A. Sloane. & Fred, W.2010).In this type of bargaining, the interests of the employees are being aired through trade unions of which they have registered with..(O’Sullivan, A. & Steven M.2003). They always aim at solving industrial disputes which among others involve better wages, reasonable working hours and better working environment.
The first step which is involved in collective bargaining involves preparation. Here; both parties which