- Discuss the environment of the criminal justice system.
The criminal justice system refers to the external surroundings that affect the system. The environment keeps changing and the criminal justice system needs to change in order to adapt to the external changes. The factors of the environment that affect the criminal justice system include political conditions, ecological conditions, demographic conditions, technological changes and the law.
- Discuss an organization's response to its environment
Organization responds to the changes in the environment through changing its policies, mission, practices and procedures to enable it deliver expected services to the community.
- Continue reading...
Environment Literature Reviews Samples For Students
Good Literature Review On Criminal Law
- Discuss the environment of the criminal justice system.
Climate Change Adaptation Literature Review Samples
Adapting to climate change is not limited to environmental issues but rather on the policies developed by the legal instruments, socially responsible business, scientific research as well as awareness creation. The United States has already started on adapting its institutions on climate change vulnerability through conventions and National Adaptation Summits as well as being signatories to international MEA’s (Multilateral Environmental Agreements) such as the Kyoto Protocol as well as Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change(karl, Melillo and Peterson, 2009). This shows that the issue is not only experienced at a regional level but on the global spectrum as Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About Environmental Factors That Influence Criminal Behavior
Fast D. and Conry, J. (2009). Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and the Criminal Justice System.
Developmental Disabilities Research Review 15: 250 – 257.
This paper examines the relationship between the long-life nervous syndrome that is found in people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) and their participation in the criminal justice system. According to the article, the FASDs are caused by exposure to alcohol during the prenatal stage. The article provides some of the disabilities associated with people having the FASDs to include poor judgment, learning disabilities, and social ineptness. The authors argue that the foregoing disabilities make people predisposed to unfair treatment and increased involvement in Continue reading...
The Woman At The Store Literature Reviews Example
The aim of this essay is to present you with a close reading of a specific paragraph from the short story by Katherine Mansfield ‘The Woman at the store’. The paragraph which has been chosen to be presented in this essay is the one of the first meeting of the three men with the Woman, the main female figure and protagonist of this short story. It is a paragraph which describes the situation of confronting each other. The essay is structured in three steps. Each step emphasizes and highlights one particular aspect of the essay. The first step is Continue reading...
Perspective Of Use Of Technology In Art In Constructivist Environment Literature Review
Following the American Psychological Association’s Guidelines
The literature review didn’t fill the gap, because in spite of pointing out the advantages and disadvantages of Constructivism, there is a scope for further research. There is no proper quoting of the sources, and thus, the literature review remains incomplete. There remains to have a brief introduction, and a summarization of Constructivism. There needs to be an overview of the essay topic, so that the reader is not boggled with all information at first. The language of the essay will be easy and the topic will be easy to grasp. The significance of my study will be Continue reading...
Review Of The Essay Cell Block, Egospheres, Self-Container Literature Reviews Example
Review of Essay “Cell Block, Egospheres, Self-Container”
It is extremely common for most single people to live in studio apartments or a similar structure. Most people, however, would not know the various aspects behind the evolution and the view behind these particular living spaces. This paper will review certain concepts put forth by Peter Sloterdijk in his article beginning with the concept of egosphere, then proceeding on to the concept of ‘the cell’ and then to the idea of self-pairing. The paper will, further, also review the relation between the concept of ‘the cell’ and then to the idea Continue reading...
Greenfield Development Vs. Brownfield Development Literature Review
Greenfield Development vs. Brownfield Development
There are many factors to consider while doing planning for an upcoming development. These factors have led to the development of policies around to try to maintain minimum environmental effect depending on the type of development that is to be put in place. In addition to the environmental and ecological factors, the type of land and the developments present determine the mechanisms and techniques that will be put in place to ensure that the project is successful while minimizing the cost. If it is a Greenfield development, projecting the overall impacts on the undeveloped land is essential. Furthermore, while Continue reading...
Green Supply Chain Management Literature Reviews Examples
Moreover, the process of Green Supply may as well be considered as the practice of monitoring and enhancing environmental performance alongside the supply chain. Incorporating environmental awareness into the supply chain management, entails product design, viable raw-material sourcing and selection, efficient manufacturing processes, distribution of the final produce to the consumer as well as post-life product management, particularly after product use (Emmett & Sood, 2010).
Responsible production and consumption:
Greening the Supply Chain and Globalization:
In the modern market domains, globalization improves the opportunities for buyers in products’ acquisition. As buyers elevate their focus on environmental improvements, this in turn enhances the supplier environmental Continue reading...
Area 51 And Area 51 At Night Literature Reviews Example
Area 51 at night and Area 51 by Joe Rosochacki are both small poems that are written about an imaginary place. To date, it is unclear who the author for ‘Area 51 at night was. Although the two poems address the same issue, the diction employed and the manner that the authors choose their words is different. The two poems share a lot of similarities as well as differences. Analyzing the two poems, one gets the idea that they were intended for. One is written in a simple language which is appealing, free-flowing and enjoyable. On the other hand, Continue reading...
Sample Literature Review On Green Supply Chain Management
Green supply chain management
Green or sustainable supply chain management. According to Ageron et al. (2011), green supply chain management is the transparent, strategic, integration and achievement of an organization’s social, environmental, and economic objectives in the systematic coordination of key inter-organization business performance of the firm and its supply chain partners. Ageron et al. (2011) argue that helping other players in the chain is an important as other players will understand the importance of resolving the environmental and social problems. Supporting each member in the supply chain is, therefore, important in any supply chain as all members of the chain will Continue reading...
Sustainable Economic Growth Literature Review Example
In broad terms, the concept of sustainable economic growth is an attempt to combine growing concerns about a range of environmental issues with socio-economic issues (Bill Hopwood, Mary Mellor and Geoff O’Brien, 2005). However, the phrase sustainable economic growth or development has many meanings attached to it. Sustainability itself (as a strategic concept originated in the Brundtland report in the year 1987) means a degree of growth which can be retained without creating other substantial economic or environmental problems for future generations. In other words, it is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Green Supply Chain Management
There has been a growing need for proper waste management strategies in various growing co-operations in the world. This is due to the emphasis that has been made by various international environmental conservation organizations on the need for companies to provide a favorable working and living environmental for people in the world. The need for environmental friendly integrations is driven by the need to ensure that there are no further negative impacts that are made on the environment due to poor waste management and other wastes emitted from companies in production such as carbon monoxide emit ion and other Continue reading...
Free Nature And The Human Experience In Stephen Cranes The Open Boat And Jack Literature Review Example
The entirety of human experience is, for proponents and advocates of the literary movement of naturalism, a result not of the individual’s choice, but of the natural circumstances of his social and biological environment. Whereas the realists advocate for the individual as the center of the conflict within the page, the naturalists construe literary conflict as emerging between man and nature. Two works that are often considered characteristic of this movement are Stephen Crane’s “The Open Boat”, and Jack London’s “The Law of Life”. In both works, the protagonists are pitted against their natural environments, and Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About The Impact Of Hazardous Waste
One of the byproducts of urban growth and development is the waste production. As per the report of the World Bank (2013), OECD countries produce almost half of the world's waste, while South Asia and Africa are listed as the regions producing the least amount of waste. The Basel Convention defines 'wastes' as substances or objects that need to be disposed of in accordance with the provisions of national law. European Waste Catalogue shows 850 types of wastes out of which 420 types of wastes have been classified as hazardous waste. Hazardous wastes are those wastes considered to be Continue reading...
Good Why Children Need To Spend Time In Outdoor Environments Literature Review Example
Denying children a chance to interact with nature in the smallest magnitude robes the true beauty of life. Outdoor environment is not only a place to burn calories, but it is also a platform in which children can foster the learning skills. According to miller 1989 and Burdette and Whitaker (2004), it is accepted that freely chosen outdoor games and activities help children learn life skills such as social competence, creative thinking, problem -solving and safety skills necessary for adult life. Burdette and Whitaker (2005), emphasizes that if children have regular opportunities to mingle with nature, they will be Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On Motion Sensors For Energy Management
ISO 14000 is a family of standards that have been created for environmental management. Their main purpose is to define standards and requirements in order to help organizations reduce their operations, which may have negative effect on the environment. This standard notably includes ISO 14001, which represents a core set of standards to be used by organizations in designing and implementing an effective environmental management system. The current version is ISO 14001: 2004. This standard sets a criterion for environmental management system. It does not describe the requirements for environmental performances, but has developed a framework that a company Continue reading...
Applied Behaviour Analysis And Animal Behaviour Literature Review Samples
Applied behaviour analysis and animal behaviour
According to (Bekoff, 2013), behaviour analysis refers to a scientific approach that helps an individual to understand why animal and people do and behave the way they do. After studying behaviour analysis an individual develops the capacity to understand how both human beings as well as animal’s behaviours are affected by the various events that take place. This includes the event that are there in their physical and their social environments. Teacher’s researchers and parents make use of behaviour analysis to tell how the physical and social environment impacts on behaviour change.
The study of behaviour analysis Continue reading...
Good Investigate Britain Food Culture Literature Review Example
Food production and consumption in the UK has changed the trend. This has mainly been contributed by the economy, society and the environment. Diet and attitudes to food have changed markedly in the recent years and it will continue to do so (Guides, 2011). Demand for quality food has risen and people aspire to eat both more healthy and buy food that has a reduced impact on the environment. Food culture in Britain is changing and people are turning on the new kinds of food. (Jackson,2009).
What a literature review is.
Literature review is an account of the things which has been published Continue reading...
Toxicology Literature Review Examples
Applying the precautionary principle to consumer household cleaning product
Precautionary principle, which can be summarized as when an activity raises the threat of harm to human and the environment, preventive actions should be taken even if some cause and effect relationship are not fully established scientifically, is the common principle used to guide in managing scientific uncertainty in ingredient safety assessment (Cara , 2011). The available registered disinfectants in the consumer market are quaternary ammonium, sodium hypochlorite and Triclosan. However, there is a possibility of existence of the relation between these disinfectants and human health and environmental issues.
Triclosan is a spectrum anti-microbial found in anti-bacterial products. Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Carbon Di Oxide Capture
Carbon dioxide is the main byproduct in a brewery. Accordingly, we have identified source of carbon dioxide, as an exhaust gas produced in a brewery. This report explains how such a source of carbon dioxide can be harnessed for future use.
Air extraction technology to capture atmospheric carbon dioxide
We understand that due to excessive burning of fossil fuels there is abundance or more than expected amounts of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Accordingly, carbon dioxide can be extracted from atmospheric conditions using various technologies. This technology of carbon dioxide capture is a step wise process, which is called air extraction (Zeman and Lackner, 2004). In this Continue reading...
Green Buildings Literature Review Examples
Green building is currently emerging and changing the construction, the design, the renovation process and operation of existing and new buildings and it is reshaping the whole communities and its cities. The terminology currently attached to this new facility is highly performance green building. As the movement is worldwide, the idea is trending at an alarming rate, as it a topic of discussion, for actors, designers, politicians, manufacturers and academicians. This paper will give a background perspective and the development of green building in the world considering what several writers have written about green building.
Green buildings are facilities Continue reading...
Technology Benefits Teaching Literature Review Examples
The main problem facing the education system throughout the world has been the need to tailor makes a system that suits the mental capacities as well as the cultural and social needs of each student. The onset of technology and its massive integration into numerous education systems has gone a long way in solving this problem. In recent times, it has become apparent that the quality of education cannot only be judged by the students’ overall performance. However, on their ability to employ high standards of thinking and mental evaluation as well as their ability to apply what they Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Life Cycle Analysis Of Plastic And Paper
Life cycle analysis may also be referred as life cycle assessment. It may be defined as a systematic tool or technique that evaluates the environmental aspects of a product as it gradually moves through all its stages of the life cycle. This implies the development from raw material extraction, through to the processing of the raw materials, manufacture of the final product, distribution of these products, their use, the repairs done to them and the maintenance that they require and lastly its disposal or recycling. The main importance of the LCA process is to reduce the environmental impacts of Continue reading...
Literature Review On Topical Summary Paper
Env.S . (Day) , (Time) .
Topical Summary Assignment.
For various commodities to be produced, raw materials have to undergo various processes in their specific industries until the final output is produced. This process takes place in industries. Industries need to regulate their manufacturing processes so that they take part in maintenance of the environment since lately it has been noted that the key factor destroying our environment is the industries through the manufacturing process. The emissions from the production of these commodities by the chimneys of factories pollute the air by releasing dangerous gases into the atmosphere. These gases combine Continue reading...
Assessment Of The Environmental Claims Of Genetically Modified Organisms Literature Review Sample
Health Effects if Ingesting GMO’S
Genetically modified organisms have been evaluated in terms of the risks they pose to the environment over the past years. This has been done by comparing the dangers identified and exposed estimates to give a decision to the agencies that regulate these products. Assessing the harsh effects of a GMO on the environment remains one of the key controversies to decisions makers and institutions that assess risks as well as scientists. The Society of Toxicology is among the institutions that have dedicated their objectives to protect and improve health in humans, animals as well as the environment. They give Continue reading...
Warfarin, Organophosphates And Organochlorides Literature Review
Warfarin as used in medicine
Warfarin is a drug that serves as an anticoagulant; it is most commonly used in the medical field to prevent thrombosis which is the formation of blood clots and thromboembolism which is the migration of these clots to other parts of the body. It is also used in the management of deep vein thrombosis, arterial fibriation and pulmonary embolism.
This drug is a derivative of dicoumarol a 4-hydroxycoumarin-derived mycotoxin anticoagulant that was discovered in spoiled animal feeds that are made using sweet clover. The recommended dosage is 10mg of warfarin for urgent anticoagulation, after that a maintenance Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Solid Waste Management Through The Application Of Thermal Methods
Waste management refers to the process of collecting, transporting and disposing trash, sewage and other waste materials. There are different sources of waste including residential, industrial, commercial, institutional, construction and demolition, municipal, agriculture and manufacturing and all these waste products whether solid, gaseous, liquid or radioactive come under the realm of waste management. Due to the rapid growth and fast development in Australia, the country has produced waste on humongous amount. As per the data provided by Australian Bureau of Statistics, the growth of average annual rate of waste production in Australia is about 5.4% between 1996-97 and 2006-07. Continue reading...
What Is The Future Of Work Literature Review
• Scenario Plan
Workforce science is becoming a new method of hiring; big data is being utilized instead of traditional hiring methods in order to determine the best candidates for certain jobs. Firms now provide proprietary data science mining in order to score candidates to find out who will be the best hire. This provides instant numerical assessments of the skills and experience of a hiring candidate.
Technology is rapidly creating fewer positions for people that require a higher skill set; grunt work is being accomplished by machines and software that eliminate working-class jobs in the digital economy. This will have Continue reading...
Fall Prevention Literature Review Sample
In any year, half of the people who are 80 years and above fall. Approximately, 27% of hospital costs are due to these falls. All this is attributed to the fact that older people are at risk of loss of independence, injury, rest home admission or even death. Over the past decade, a variety of fall prevention trials have been successful. This success is associated with the use of a variety of interventions, and the successful trials have been published. As a result, there have been numerous international interests as well as investment in the fall prevention programs. Nonetheless, Continue reading...
Fitzroy River Turtle (R Leukops) Literature Review
- Fitzroy River Turtle (R Leukops)
- The Biology
Fitzroy River Turtle, Rheodytes leukops is also called the white eyed river diver referring to its Latin name. Locally, it is sometimes called the “bum breathing turtle referring to its ability to utilize cloacal ventilating. This method of breathing improves its breath-holding capacity and enabling it to colonize riffle zones and take advantage of the associated greater densities of food resources during the wet season and early dry season. . “R. leukops was first described as a new genus and species in 1980 (Legler and Cann,1980) and most publications on Continue reading...
Black Cultural Studies Literature Review Examples
Ebonics is an African American English language that was mainly developed to unite blacks as well as communicate. This was amidst resistance from the black community that felt they were being mistreated by the whites. It was during slave trade where most black could not have a language of their own as they were shipped from different parts of Africa. Apart from the need of having a language that they could only understand and minimize on white dominance, it was also a rebellious way of criticizing the American language. As African Americans started growing in large numbers, the mistreatment Continue reading...
Problem Identification Literature Review Sample
This article summarizes the report written by Susan Trossman (2013) that explored the scope and practice of correctional nurses in the USA. In the article “Ensuring standards are standard behind bars” the author premises on the argument that the primary role of nurses is “the protection, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations”, correction nursing is the provision of the same services for individuals under the jurisdiction of the criminal justice system. Nurse’ Continue reading...
Eco-Criticism Literature Review Examples
The development of eco-criticism has been attributed to the increased variation in the field of literature and cultural studies. Various artists have presented issues affecting the environment, as well as providing reflections of the real life. Eco-criticism has been developed in explaining the relation of human being with the nature. In addition, it provides an illustration of the role of language, art play and language in explaining the relation between the human being and the nature. Eco-criticism is based on explaining the relationship between human beings and the nature, and it attempts to explain how modernization and globalization have Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Family Educational Developmental Context In Adolescents
Literature Review: Family Educational Developmental Context in Adolescents
According to Steinberg 2011, Educational achievement is the overall academic performance of children or learners in relation to their Grade Point Average (GPA). Learners take their courses in bits known as units which are spread over a given period of time. To ascertain a learner’s educational achievement, the average of these courses taken in sessions is calculated. In other words, educational achievement is a long process that encompasses various stages of cognitive and social development of a child. A good educational achievement of a child requires a cohesive relationship between his or her internal and external environments. If Continue reading...
Expatriation & Cultural Shock Literature Review Sample
It is important for the organisations to carefully manage the cross cultural elements and factors which directly influence the performance of the employees in international ventures. One of the important issues in this regard is adoption of the new cultural and norms by the employees in the host country. The four main phases which are involved in this process of adoption are: honeymoon, cultural shock, gradual adjustment, and reverse cultural shock. It is important for the organisations to manage these phases in effective and efficient manner in order to make sure that the employees easily adopt the new culture Continue reading...
Two Moms, The Zark And Me Literature Review Example
Johnny presents a young narrator who is accompanied with his two moms and goes to a park, where he gets lost while his mothers are talking to a friend. The initial pictures depicts that he meets an animal first, plays with it and finally he realizes that he is lost. He eventually meets McFinks who are willing to lend a helping hand in this situation however there is a strong resistance that he faces, after they get to know about his non-traditional family. The narrator further moves ahead and comes across a large family, who seem to understand his Continue reading...
Recycling In UK And Saudi Arabia Literature Review Example
Recycling is the process of making use of a product more than once in its life cycle before final disposal. This means that a product is used and then after the use, it is treated in one way or another to enable its reuse. Recycling is very important since it allows for reduced initial product which would have resulted in increased resource use and exploitation. From this perspective, it helps in economizing on resources and ensuring proper exploitation. Closely related to this is environmental conservation associated with recycling. From statistics, recycling helps in ensuring that the environment is conserved Continue reading...
Young Children's Color Preferences In The Interior Environment Literature Review Examples
The article “Young Children’s Color Preferences in the Interior Environment” includes the information about the results of the different studies focused on children’s perception of the basic colors. The author also included the information about the experiment that was held in a small town in Pacific Northwest. The aim of the reading is to help the designers to define the most preferred colors for children in order to prepare the children’s environment.
Basing on the previous studies of different researches the author informs us that color is an important aspect for child’s perception, moreover the Continue reading...
Literature Review On Evidence Of Critical Analysis Using Literature
Literature Review: Meta- paradigms in Nursing
Description of alignment of personal theory with worldview
Analysis of personal utilization of nurses' ways of knowing
Literature Review: Meta-paradigms in nursing
This literature review embraces the metaparadigm nursing theoretical perspective and how it relates to ways of knowing in the profession. A critical review aligning personal conceptualizations with a world view interpretation will be explored. Also, an explanation of my personal ideological premise regarding the efficacy of this theoretical perspective to contemporary nursing practice will be analyzed.
The theoretical premise of this literature review hinges on the assumption that meta-paradigm is an inclusive perspective of a profession, Continue reading...
Energy Policy Literature Review Examples
As the United States campaign for the next president rented the air, the issue on Energy Policy was inevitable. The two major candidates on the race to the White House agreed with each other on some of the issues that should or ought to have been done about energy and sharply disagreed on some. It was a tough battle as they stood on podiums and tried to convince the Americans how their laid policies was effective and efficient and tried to outdo one another on the Presidential Debates hosted on the national television.
The two candidates agreed that America Continue reading...