Fredrick W. Taylor started the scientific management movement. Taylor’s perspective focused on the principle that maximizing work performance done is more efficient than imposing on people. Taylor’s four doctrines of management were one; use scientific methods instead of the rule of thumb to study the work. The second rule is to match workers to specific jobs based on the motivation and productivity rather than random assignment. The third rule is to watch the performance closely and offer supervision and instructions. The fourth doctrine as advanced by Taylor is to allocate jobs between workers and managers. Frank Gilbreth Continue reading...
Theory Term Papers Samples For Students
Free Sigmund Freud Term Paper Sample
Originally, Sigismund Schlomo Freud, Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, Austria. His father, Jacob, is a former widower and a Jewish merchant. His mother, Amalia, is the second wife of Jacob. Freud is the first born, among the eight children of Jacob and Amalia. He is the favorite child of his parents; thus, giving him all the educational opportunities. He attended high school at Leopoldstadter Communal-Real-und Obergymnasium, where he already exhibited excellent intellectual prowess. At the age of four, his family moved to Vienna, where Freud would spend most of his life. In 1881, Continue reading...
Example Of Minority Groups Especially Blacks Term Paper
Who are the minority groups and what are the challenges have they been facing currently? Why blacks do commits the highest homicide or crime rate, and even kill among themselves despite the abolishment of slavery and segregation systems? These are some of the questions that I am going to handle in this paper. It is a fact that the minority groups in the past have gone through hard times of their life, whereby they were discriminated by the majority and the elite whites. Some were even killed by whites. But at present, blacks continue to indicate the highest rates Continue reading...
Good Term Paper On Wittgensteins Tractatus
Wittgenstein employs the picture theory of meaning effectively to explain many important things in philosophy. In essence, the picture theory of meaning by Wittgenstein is a theory in which he argued that the state of things or the atomic facts could b pictured by a meaningful proposition. Using this theory, Wittgenstein managed to compare spatial pictures with the concept of pictures. In essence, the picture theory is seen as a correspondence to the truth theory. Wittgenstein’s arguments were to the effect that statements can only be meaningful in the event that they can be easily pictured Continue reading...
Does Globalization Increase Inequality Term Papers Examples
Term Paper of Introduction to International Relations Theory
This term paper is going to deal with the concept of globalization and inequality. The terms ‘globalization’ and ‘inequality’ are going to be well defined and their minor relation identified. After that, the relation of the two terms with capitalism in the liberation theory is going to be well examined.
Globalization as a concept in today’s world is very wide. Technology has made the world a global village whereby everybody can connect with each other no matter where they are (Haugen 33). Thus, it is of great importance to establish whether it promotes inequality in terms of age, Continue reading...
Social Conflict Theory Term Paper Examples
The paper will address the social conflict theory that was instigated by Karl Marx in the 18th century. The theory had been in place since then but has undergone various changes with the changes in the society. The paper will exploit the developmental journey of the theory and discuss what was added or subtracted from the original ideologies of the theory in modernity. Moreover, there will be an examination of how the theory came to be. For instance, Marx came up with the theory after witnessing first-hand the exploitation of the lower class. He developed the theory to explain Continue reading...
Sample Term Paper On Evolutionary Explanations For The Left-Handedness
Handedness can be considered as the use of the hand for better, faster and more precise performance or control in certain tasks. In the concept of handedness, right and left hands are considered, and generally the use of one hand more than the other is considered. However, there are four kinds of people in terms of handedness: right-handed people, left-handed people, mixed-handed people, and ambidextrous. Left-handedness is less frequently found than right-handedness. Researchers have found that left-handedness is fairly more common in men as compared to women (Papadatou-Pastou, Martin, Munafo, & Jones, 2008).
Theories of left-handedness
Several theories have been presented in order Continue reading...
Example Of Term Paper On Domestic Violence
Domestic violence is considered a serious offense that regularly happens around the globe. It has indeed been confirmed that its major causes comprise physical, psychological, mental, and sexual forms of distress inflicted upon by the absolute abuser over their victims. This paper focuses on the analysis of the comprehensive conceptual structure of domestic violence with a major purpose of bringing sufficient understanding of these elements. The paper will involve a basic yet robust foundation upon which domestic violence will be understood, thereby advancing past and present debates regarding justice systems and their response to numerous domestic violence transgressions. This Continue reading...
Free Legalization Of Marijuana Term Paper Sample
There are clear rules and laws that discriminate between legal and illegal things but there are no given reasons as to why this discrimination is made. In the case of drugs, there is no other opinion apart from being harmful and illegal. Marijuana in particular, is referred to as a main source of enjoyment for the generations today. Since the very existence of the drug, there has been a non-stop debate regarding its legalization in the United States of America. It has been tested and proved that marijuana has a positive impact on the society in numerous ways. Marijuana Continue reading...
Free Modern Capitalism Term Paper Sample
Capitalism is an economic environment in which factors of production and trade are privately controlled to maximize profits. Capitalism is characterized by such factors such as capital accumulation and competition in markets and wages. A lot of theories have been postulated in a bid to explain the origin of modern capitalism. This paper focuses on two theories on the origin of capitalism by Karl Marz and Max Weber. Special Focus is given to the alienation theory by Karl Marx and the origin of capitalism as explained in by two theories.
KARL MARX THEORY OF ALIENATION
In the theory of alienation, Karl Marx explains and Continue reading...
Example Of The Shareholder (Stockholder) And Stakeholder Theories Of Corporate Purpose Term Paper
This paper is divided into three sections. The first section is a review of academic research and studies on corporate theories, positions and counter-positions. The second part discusses the two theories – stakeholder value theory and shareholder value theory. This section evaluates key arguments associated with each theory. In the third part, the paper evaluates why value-driven stakeholder approach should be embraced by managers of corporations. The paper finalizes the discussion by concretizing the arguments in a summary and offering submissions for future managers.
This paper hypothesizes that profit maximization is no longer the only priority of organizations; other non-economic Continue reading...
Following The American Psychological Associations Guidelines Term Paper Examples
Interpersonal Communication Theories and Infidelity
Interpersonal Communication Theories and Infidelity
Infidelity is a common problem found in many relationships and marriages. Whether couples are married or dating, straight or gay, it appears that 48% of couples are unfortunately bound to experience a period of infidelity . Many believe that infidelity only brings on episodes of conflict between the couple, followed by an inevitable breakup or divorce. They do not think there is any way through infidelity, or that there is any other type of communication involved. However, interpersonal communication is far more complex than that, and the couple can become mired in several different theories Continue reading...
Free Term Paper On Sociological Analysis Of The Family
Growing up in a single-parent family, I learned from an early age to collaborate with my mother and my brother in everything we did. Many times, while organizing the household’s choruses, the activities within our family were very well divided. On a higher level, we all knew our functions: while I and my brother were responsible with learning, our mother was the provider of our household. My mother was not quite the prototype of a traditional mother who is dependent on the domestic sphere, taking care of her housewife’s activities. Although she made sure to also organize Continue reading...
Good Term Paper About Nursing: Nursing Philosophy Scholarly Paper
1970-1980’s (Newman, Parse, Watson, Rogers) iv. Development of the metaparadigm per Fawcett
v. Development of paradigms
1. Simultaneity and Totality
2. Particulate-Deterministic, Interactive -Integrative, Unitary Transformative
III. Discuss knowledge development in nursing (10 points)
a. Carper’s Ways of Knowing
b. Emancipatory Knowing
c. Ways of unknowing
d. Role of research
e. Role of the socio political environment
IV. Application/Synthesis for Advanced Practice (10 points)
Describe how the new advanced knowledge, in the course to date has informed and influenced your own perspective on nursing:
a. What philosophy is most congruent with your own personal philosophy and why?
ii. Paradigm of Nursing
a. Discuss the congruence between your nursing philosophy and your nursing paradigm
b. Describe which ways of knowing are most integral and important to your theory, philosophy Continue reading...
Good Term Paper About Cognitive Behavior Theory
Introduction to Cognitive-Behavior Theory (CBT)
Cognitive-behavior theory deals with micro practice or social work. Micro practice is one of the most common kinds of social work in which people interact with individuals or families to solve their problems. Cognitive structures are designed to work on the reaction and work of individuals in their personal lives as everyone has a unique cognitive structure that is based on individual experiences of life and biological predispositions. The hyphenated term “cognitive-behavioral” shows the significance of both cognitive aspects as well as behavioral approaches to understand and help human beings. Both of them Continue reading...
Example Of Pyschology Term Paper
Learning theories in Psychology.
The introduction will contain a preface to learning theories in psychology and the importance it has in the world. It will also contain the key points of the research paper.
- Introduction to learning theories in psychology over the years.
2. Skinner’s Behaviourism as a learning technique.
3. Operant Conditioning- the experiment.
4. How the experiment can be extended to human beings.
5. Behaviour modification therapy.
II- A. Learning theories in psychology.
- Classical conditioning by Ivan Pavlov.
This section will contain an introduction to classical conditioning, it’s advantages and disadvantages.
- Operant Conditioning by B. F. Skinner.
Skinner’s reasons for developing this new technique will be examined Continue reading...
Good Example Of A Lawyers Ethical Dilemma Term Paper
Defending the Guilty
In 1840, Lord William Russell, an English nobleman was murdered. There was strong evidence that his butler, Courvoisier may have perpetrated the crime. Despite the strong circumstantial evidence, the butler maintained his innocence and was duly represented by his lawyer, Charles Phillips. During the court proceedings, Phillips vigorously defended his client as expected. At this point, Phillips would have already known the guilt of his client. In fact, it would be reasonable to believe that Courvoisier might have already admitted his guilt to his lawyer before the later accepted the case. During the course Continue reading...
Sample Term Paper On Tool Manufacture And The Evolution Of Early Humankind
The history of human evolution has always been a heated topic for debate; many theories abound as to what factors led to the evolution of apes into man, using the concepts of trait adaptation, among others, to help explain why we became what we became. There are those who believe that the major contributing factor was the development of language, or the forming of groups with hierarchical structures. Others believe that the development of monogamy as a social concept is the most important factor leaving to the evolution of humanity. However, it is my concerted belief that the most Continue reading...
Theory Of Planned Behavior (Scenarios) Term Paper Samples
Theories are abstractions from the real world to give explanation to phenomenon that are affecting variables under consideration. Several theories have been propounded to give explanation to how and why human beings behave in a certain manner. Among these theories is the Elton Mayo’s Haworth experimental student to show what motivate workers to put the extra performance during their productivity hours. Other motivational theories propounded by human behavioral school of thought include Abraham Maslow hierarchy of need theory, Federick Herzberg Two factor theory, Douglas MC Gregory’s X and Y theories, Bandura’s cognitive theory and the social Continue reading...
Diagram Responses And Summary Term Paper Samples
BUSINESS PROCESS CHANGE PLAN
Summary of the plan
Tesco PLC is a multinational general merchandise and grocery retailer. It operates in twelve countries and is headquartered in the United Kingdom. The work environment in the organization is based on respect, trust, and staff motivation. The company’s customer-based approach involves listening, supporting, and thanking customers by providing a revolutionary shopping experience. The company prides itself on understanding and prioritizing the needs of customers. It is crucial for Tesco to improve its customer service since it has been recording losses as many customers have been shifting their loyalty to other supermarket chains. Customer Continue reading...
Free Aging And Disease Term Paper Example
Aging is broadly defined as a decrease in the ability to survive. Aged people have less ability to perform strenuous physical activities and show the deteriorating condition of the organs and increased susceptibility to the diseases. Life expectancy is defined as the average length of the life of the individuals in a population. In developed countries, the life expectancy has increased due to the availability of modern medicines, public health care, nutrition and housing.
Aging of cells, tissues, organs and systems
Aging affects cells, tissues, organs and the system in different ways. The efficiency of the cellular functions decreases and the shape of the cell organelles Continue reading...
Good Cultural Theory Term Paper Example
This argument is rather pedestrian, especially considering that the modern society is based on co-existence. Taking the United States as an example, multi-cultural societies are inevitable in the contemporary world, where globalization is the force behind the destiny of the human race. Race should not be the determining factor as far as what one will do is concerned. On the contrary, all races should be treated equally with such doctrines as the equal employment opportunity being the guiding principles. The origins of this person’s logic could be the basic reasoning of a person in a society with class Continue reading...
Good Example Of Term Paper On Incorporating Theory
Theory and the rationale for selecting the theoryEnvironmental theory is one of the nursing theories by Nightingale. This theory incorporated the restoration of the standard health status of both nurses and clients into the delivery of healthcare. The theory has its bases on the fact that nursing is an act of environmental utilization of the patient so as to assist him in his recovery. That means that the nurse has to be initiative so as to configure the environmental settings that are appropriate for the gradual restoration of the patient’s health as well as the external factors that Continue reading...
Free Term Paper About Bowlby's Theory Of Attachment
[Professor’s name appears here]
[Date appears here]
Bowlby's theory of attachment: An Introduction
The Attachment theory by John has acquired wide recognition for perceiving social and emotional growth of children. It has offered a theory on which to shape human perception concerning the pivotal role of the parent-child interaction and its impact on psychological development. The force of attachment theory is not only affecting parenting, however also have a direct bearing on child care policies and practices, with the emphasis for sensitivity in the children – caregiver interaction. The attachment rules are also considered important for the work of Continue reading...
Good Fortune 500 Leadership Term Paper Example
Amazon is the largest online trading company based in the US, a creation of its CEO Jeff Benzos in 1994 during the internet boom. It sells retail goods e.g. jewelry, consumer electronics e.g. e-books and digital content which include e-books, videos and mobile applications. With a market share of over 60 million customers, Amazon is the largest online retailer. Amazon has been most popularly known for its online bookstore where published materials are transacted.
Amazon has about 88,400 employees employed and working in care centers, offices and warehouses all over the world. Acquiring $61 billion in sales revenue Continue reading...
Good Term Paper About Mcgregors Y Theory
Business management in the present times has become complex as compared to the early years. Market competition continues to exert pressure on managers to do their best in providing goods and services. Employees form a vital part in a business organization because their dedication and motivation leads to an improvement in organizational performance. Managers have formulated policies to enhance workers productivity through research.
McGregor’s theory x and y are managerial theories that explain certain worker behaviors in business institutions. These theories help managers deal with certain types of workers with regards to the best interest. The thesis of Continue reading...
Latitudes Of Acceptance, Non-Commitment And Rejection Term Paper Examples
Syrian Chemical Attack August
Social Judgment Theory (SJT) is a persuasive theory that was proposed by Muzafer sheriff, Carolyn sheriff and Carl Hovland. Epistemologically this theory states that there exists a single universal interpretation (of one truth) on how people judge received messages. Ontologically, the SJT theory is deterministic since individual behavior is predictable (Connolly et al. 2000). Axiologically, SJT is value-neutral since the theoretical propositions remain objective and free from biasness. The theory of SJT explains how individuals judge the messages get. The theory also predicts that people accept or reject particular attitudes and messages (Connolly et al. 2000). Weekley and Continue reading...
Example Of Term Paper On Good Will Without Qualification Against Action Consequences
Immanuel Kant claims that good will is good without any qualification, implying that good will is good regardless of the results of its action. He held that what makes a person good is his possession of the will that in a certain way makes decisions based on the moral law. J.S. Mill who is a utilitarian philosopher is quite opposed to this idea and focuses primarily on the consequences of an action to justify its moral uprightness. Mill holds persons, actions, and institutions need to be assessed based on how well they promote the human happiness. Mills approach to Continue reading...
Routine Activity Theory And Crime Opportunity Term Paper Example
There have been several theories that seek to explain several issues about criminal activities and offenders. These theories explain the reasons behind criminal activities and the drives that make people to commit these crimes. In the criminal justice system, these theories are important since the crime management personnel use them to understand the reasons behind criminal activities as well as means to control these criminal activities. Felson and Clarke are also important contributors to criminal theoretical perspectives. They are responsible for the Crime opportunity theory, which has a subsection referred to as routine activity theory. The crime opportunity theory Continue reading...
Kutta-Zhukovsky Condition Term Paper Example
One of the main problems of classical mechanics is that of turbulent fluid flow. The reason for this is that there is the presence of thin no-slip boundary which requires a lot of meshpoints in order for the solution to be arrived. There is a research which has been arrived and researched upon which shows that with the use of slip boundary condition to be the model for friction to be achieved for the small skin, there is the possibility for predictive simulation for mean quantities. An example of such mean quantities is the drag and lift turbulent flow Continue reading...
Free Term Paper On Game Theory In Baseball
Since many kinds of sports are games, it is not surprising that examples from sports are often being used for illustration of classical problems from game theory, while game theory is, also may be applied to improve performance in sports (Chiaporri et al 12). Choice of direction of shots in tennis is often being used for understanding of mixed strategies, and, the other way around, mixed strategy have been used to explain how footballers might decide on where to spot the penalty kicks (and for goalkeepers – how to try to save them). At the same time, chess in itself Continue reading...
Good Example Of Revolution Of Science Term Paper
Science from a philosopher’s perspective
Science has undergone a lot of transformations and many theories have been formed to form the basis of truth and knowledge. The nature of science is that it introduces the use of experiments as a means of reaching to an idea. It is therefore important to note that science is based on objectivity that basically means that one has to look into the two sides of the divide then come up with an informed choice that satisfies the need for knowledge search. Scholars, for the sake of coming up with theories have adopted the use of paradigm. The replacement Continue reading...
Free Term Paper On Post War Scenario
The outcome of Second World led to a bipolar world with the dominant forces coming into enacting power. One of these was the Socialist state of Russia that had suffered the most in Second World War and had contributed the most towards the defeat of Germany, the Second was an outside force in form of United States of America that had aided the Allies in the War and made their victories possible.
The end of World War saw a non conventional and unprecedented war in form of a Cold War. In this war, the battle was not fought on Continue reading...
Aging And Society Term Paper Sample
Aging is a reality of life, at some point the beauty of youth fades and is replaced with a gradual destruction of body tissues, organs, and the reduction in energy as well as desire for most things. For many, aging is a challenge and psychologically traumatizing experience. However, it is important for the society to understand that aging is a natural process, and there is no known cure for the process of aging. Still, the world has developed such that some of the happenings of old age such as the ease of acquiring diseases, the comfort of life as Continue reading...
Hypothesis Testing And T Tests Term Paper Example
The data shows the age distribution of the male and female respondents in the research. The total number of males is 704 while there are 791 female respondents. We can use the data on the sexes and age distribution to formulate and test the hypothesis by calculating the various parameters of statistical data as follows:
Statistical assumptions of this test include:( Ning-zhong S. & Jian T, 2008)
- The data is symmetrical about its mean
- The data assumes a normal probability distribution
- The distribution is completely defined by mean and standard distribution
- The data assumes a 95% level of confidence
In this case, the independent variable is the Continue reading...
Nature Vs Nurture Term Paper Examples
Nature vs. Nurture
For centuries man has been trying to determine what makes a person moral. Some have theorized that babies are born with an innate sense of morality while others debate this theory with their own beliefs that human ethics are molded by their environment. Those in the field of psychology have long endeavored to find commonalities that would explain human personalities. Even though all humans have similar traits there are also many ways that make us all unique. In the search to understand the relationship between commonality and uniqueness, several different theories of personality have been developed ("The study Continue reading...
Example Of Psychoanalysis Term Paper
Comparing Z. Freud’s Conceptions and E. Erikson’s Theory of Psychosocial Development
Psychosocial development theory is the theory of psychosocial reeks of personality, created by Eric Erickson, in which he describes the eight stages of personality development and focuses on the development of the individual I am.
The issue of personality psychosocial development is not only of scientific interest. Psychoanalysis seeks and finds the roots of the problems in the various stages of childhood and adolescence. It turns out that not only all of us from childhood, but our problems come from Continue reading...
Free Term Paper On Facilitator
The concepts that are critical in training students with special needs are clearly introduced and described in chapters 4, 13 and 14. These chapters are therefore, essential in empowering a teacher with skills of differentiating and managing a classroom setting. Chapters 4, 13 and 14 also present some of the critical factors that support good teaching practices. After evaluating these chapters, I have realized that a teacher ought to be creative in planning and in reacting to emerging situations. The chapters have also provided various theories that a teacher may apply in order to adopt good teaching Continue reading...
An Internal View On The History Of Psychoanalysis Term Paper Sample
In the last century, psychoanalysis has incorporated itself as one of the paramount disciplines within the field of psychiatry. The father of psychoanalysis is unequivocally Sigmund Freud; and while the science of psychoanalysis has advanced far beyond Freud, and his basic principles, his influence is still strong and pervasive.
Freud’s basic principles are central in the practice of psychiatry and in psychotherapeutic practice; namely, psychic determination, unconscious mental activity, and the effects on childhood on the development of our adult psyche (Semple, Smyth, Burns, Darjee, & McIntosh, 2005). Freud also focused on the role of meaning in his vision Continue reading...
Does Alcohol Have An Influence On Murder In Countries Term Paper Examples
[Date (May 23, 2013)]
- Introduction to alcohol consumption
Alcohol consumption is taken as a leisure activity among many people across the world. There are many forms of alcohol available depending on the level of alcohol content and the manufacturing process used. Based on the alcohol content, it is classified as wines, spirits and beer while under manufacturing processes it is classified as commercial and traditional brew. Commercial alcohol (manufactured in industries) is a legal drink worldwide while the traditional brew is outlawed in majority of the countries. The question on the effect of alcohol on the behaviour of Continue reading...