Yes, when it comes to energy policy there is a huge gap between private interest and public interest, not only in the US, but all throughout the world. Public want cheap energy but the bulk energy producers need a hike in the prices, to justify their production cost and expansion plans. Conflicts in these interests are the main reasons why countries could not devise an efficient energy policy.
The conflict is more prevalent in countries which have abundance of natural resources and an energy driven economy. For countries having extensive resources, like Russia, the energy policy aims