Current research on bystander intervention has produced many outcomes indicating that the presence of other people in a critical situation, especially bullying, reduces the probability that an individual will help. Diffusion of responsibility contributes to the bystander effect. This implies that a person does not feel the need to help someone in need if several people are also present since the responsibility is among those present. Most people believe that there exist safety in numbers, but there are times when a large crowd does not support a victim. According to Barlińska, Szuzter & Winiewski (2013), “Bystanders are the social Continue reading...
One paper in two versions
Try it with your WOW discount - 70% OFF the second version with extras.
Actions Literature Reviews Samples For Students
Good Example Of Jean Paul Satre And Existentialism Literature Review
“Burnt Norton” by T.S. Eliot
This poem is told through a narrator speaking directly to an audience. He warns of living in the present and not to suffer the past or worry about the future, “If all time is eternally” present. To worry about what one has already done in the past, “Down the passage which we did not takeTowards the door we never opened will not help to live well in the present.” (Eliot) To spend one’s time think and planning for the future is also a waste, “Here is a place of disaffection Time before and Continue reading...
The Link Between Socioeconomic Status And Obesity Literature Review
According to Adler (2002), the direct determinant of health in closely related to lifestyle or behavioral factors. These factors lead to about half of premature mortality and habits such as lack of physical activity, tobacco abuse and heavy consumption of alcohol. Due to the existing socioeconomic status, individual of higher learning as well as those earning high incomes are less likely to involve in these unhealthy behaviors. This is because they have better knowledge, skills and resources to improve health. Since behavioral factors are vital in the emergence of many preventable chronic diseases that are associated with obesity, it Continue reading...
Free Literature Review About Christianity As Seen In A Good Man Is Hard To Find By Flannery Oconnor
The novel A Good Man is Hard to Find written by Flannery O’Connor tells a story about a family that is going out on vacation. The story uses a couple of literary aesthetics to tell the story. One theme that stands out is his evident use of religion, and Christianity for that matter. Through the Grandmother and the misfit, one gets to see how a Christ- like incarnation and the grace of God are brought out. There is recognition of divine powers in the story but then one is not mislead when looking at the Misfit as an Continue reading...
Free Camine Con Nosotros: Connecting Theory And Practice For Promoting Physical Activity Literature Review Example
Article Review: Camine con Nosotros: Connecting Theory and Practice for Promoting Physical Activity among Hispanic Women
Article Review: Camine Con Nosotros: Connecting Theory and Practice for Promoting Physical Activity among Hispanic Women
Soto, F. G., Kane, W. M., Going, S., Ford, E. S., Marshall, J. R., Staten, L. K., & Smith, J. E. (2000). Camine Con Nosotros: Connecting Theory and Practice for Promoting Physical Activity among Hispanic Women. Health Promotion Practice, 1(2), 178. Doi:10.1177/152483990000100217
The researchers’ main aim includes explaining the Camine Con Nosotros concept which they regard as a theory-based physical activity plan for the Hispanic women. Furthermore, the article focuses on describing the procedure of choosing a theoretical plan of the program Continue reading...
Example Of Mills Utilitarianism Literature Review
Mill’s main argument is that consequences of an action are the sole criterion of its rightness and wrong, but that is not completely correct as other things besides consequences matters as well. Mill argues that consequences of an action are what determine whether the action is morally right or wrong. In his views, the object of all the actions is to increase happiness and reduce pain or unhappiness. If the end result of an action is, increase in happiness then the action is morally right, but if as the result of the action happiness is reduced it is Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On The Role Of Information Sharing In Enhancing Better Decission Making Of Supply Chain
INFORMATION SHARING AND DECISION MAKING IN HUMANITARIAN NGOS SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT
Information Sharing and Decision Making in Humanitarian NGOs Supply Chain Management
4. Information Sharing
4.1. Concept and importance
Information sharing is one main driver in supply chain management, representing the basis of the entire supply chain management, as it provides the required data for the supply chain management (SCM) to make decisions (Ma, 2011). In a supply chain management, information sharing represents a form of coordination, connecting the members of the supply chain through various available technologies (Choi, 2010). Ma (2011, p. 876) defines information sharing in supply chain as an activity that facilitates the communication among partners on Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Program Design Elements
Evidence Base Practice
Tuberculosis is a bacterial caused disease which majorly affects the respiratory system with its effects with time, affecting the body and the entire immune system. Tuberculosis in this age of HIV/AIDs is a major opportunistic disease which if not detected early can exacerbate the health of a patient with HIV/AIDS (National Tuberculosis Conference (Bangladesh), Hossain, S, & National Anti-Tuberculosis Association of Bangladesh, 2009). Immigrants have traditionally been the most vulnerable groups when it comes to tuberculosis. Immigrants globally have been a hot bed for the deadly disease. The level of exposure of Tuberculosis among immigrants around Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On Measures Of Effect
Measures of effects can be explained to being the indexes that normally summarize the strength of the link between various exposures and their specific outcomes thus helping the medical practitioner make effective decisions in their everyday practice (Rothman, Greenland & Lash, 2008, p.72). In the nursing practice, the measure of effects strategy is an imperative approach that helps the nurse in knowing not only whether a certain exposure such as smoking can be linked to a certain outcome such as myocardial infarction, but also determining the magnitude of this relationship.
Enormous risks would be posed to the patients if the Continue reading...
Free Model For Program Planning Literature Review Example
Logic Model for Program Planning
Logic model has been employed in planning programs for various problems. The model describes how various aspects of a program such as activities, resources, audiences, outputs, and outcomes are logically linked. It further describes how the above aspects are linked to the problem the program seeks to address. Initially, it was used in program evaluation for identifying performance measures. In this case, a program would be described in terms of logic model first before performance measures are identified. The model has since been adapted for use in program planning. In general, logic model either graphically or in narrative form Continue reading...
Feste As Seen In Twelfth Night By Shakespeare William Literature Reviews Examples
Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night revolves around the life of Viola, the play’s central character who disguises herself as a man when the story begins. Depicted as a comedy, the play describes a case of mistaken identity and a love triangle involving the three main characters. Throughout the narration, Shakespeare keeps the characters in a state of oblivion and allows the disguised female to keep her secret until the play’s finale. To bring forth the ideas and themes, the play focuses on its characters and their lives as they interact with each Continue reading...
Good Misinterpretation Of Communication Literature Review Example
Misinterpretation is a major barrier when it comes to communication. While misinterpretation is a massive barrier, it is one of those barriers that can be easily eliminated by being cautious and disciplined in communication. It is common in non-verbal communications while it is still evident in face-to-face conversations. During interactions among human beings, some individuals have a tendency of jumping into conclusions or misinterpret something that has either been uttered or communicated by any other means. The consequences of misinterpretation are so severe that they may lead to social conflicts and influence responses and beliefs as it will be Continue reading...
Free Health Promotion Literature Review Example
Health promotion is the science or art that enables people to discover the synergies between optimal health and their core passions, thus enhancing their motivation to achieve good health and assisting them in changing their lives so as to move towards an optimal health status. Therefore, in other words, health promotion can be further explained to be the process that enables individuals to increase control over their health status and its determinants, and ultimately improving on their health. Generally, optimal health is perceived to be the dynamic balance of physical, spiritual, social and intellectual health. Consequently, various life changes Continue reading...
Free Methodology Literature Review Sample
Reflection Paper: Study Review, Reaction, and Extension
Reflection Paper: Study Review, Reaction, and Extension
The purpose of the study by Isen and Levin (1972) was to determine whether the positive affective state affects the subsequent helpfulness to other people. Previous researchers established that there is a significant relationship between success and helping, but subsequent studies found that the relationship between success and helping did not exist when there was no previous relationship between people or when helping was low-cost or unsolicited.
Based on those studies, researchers proposed that a positive affective state may significantly determine helpfulness. However, a positive mood state was induced by reports of Continue reading...
Action Research Literature Review Sample
This paper is about reflects action research in education. It will also address some critical questions action research. Last, it will explain why this is important.
Action research is about change for the better. It about learning how to be more effective and stronger and caring teacher for their students. It means takings the steps to learn how to reflect with an open-minded. Last, it reminds me a teacher the purpose of being a teacher. “There are two kinds of teachers: the kind that fills you with so much quail shot that you can't move, and the kind that Continue reading...
Warfarin, Organophosphates And Organochlorides Literature Review
Warfarin as used in medicine
Warfarin is a drug that serves as an anticoagulant; it is most commonly used in the medical field to prevent thrombosis which is the formation of blood clots and thromboembolism which is the migration of these clots to other parts of the body. It is also used in the management of deep vein thrombosis, arterial fibriation and pulmonary embolism.
This drug is a derivative of dicoumarol a 4-hydroxycoumarin-derived mycotoxin anticoagulant that was discovered in spoiled animal feeds that are made using sweet clover. The recommended dosage is 10mg of warfarin for urgent anticoagulation, after that a maintenance Continue reading...
Example Of Physical Activity Among Pregnant Women Literature Review
Pregnancy is a milestone characterized by changes in many aspects of women’s lives in ways that can promote or undermine health. It is important for women to cope successfully and be healthy from conception through birth and beyond to achieve the best health outcomes for them and their newborns. Adequate physical activity has many health benefits and should be continued throughout pregnancy. Programs that promote exercise help pregnant women initiate and maintain greater physical activity and a healthier lifestyle. Such programs must consider the unique characteristics, circumstances, and health status of gravid women to be appropriate and effective. Continue reading...
DNA Dragnets Literature Review Examples
Deontology is more of a moral system having its focus on the obedience and thus adherences to independent moral duties and rules. Deontologists argue that actions are not wrong if the motive is not wrong. The consequences of actions are not the determinants of the righteousness or the wrongness of actions but the motives of the person taking the action (O'Hear, 2004). Therefore, considering deontological viewpoint Silano refusal to volunteer is justified because his motive is for own self good and may be safety from the consequence of volunteering which will cost him a needle piercing.
Since Silano’s Continue reading...
Physical Activity Participation Of Older Australians Literature Review Sample
Adequate physical activity has been shown to benefit older adults by reducing the risks for age-related physical degeneration including osteoporosis, arthritis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and a higher likelihood of falling (Tiedemann et al., 2011; Ewald et al., 2009). However, a sedentary lifestyle has increasingly become the norm among older adults. Inadequate physical activity is defined as engaging in moderate-intensity exercise for a duration that is less than the recommended 2.5 hours per week or failing to do moderate exercise for 30 minutes on most days of the week (Jancey et al., 2008; Sims et al., 2010). In Australia Continue reading...
Identification Of Criteria To Enhance Organisational Safety Cult Literature Review Example
Safety is organizational requirement that helps in reducing risks to employees and customers. Organizations need to determine appropriate criteria that help in enhancing safety culture. Safety culture entails prioritization of safety measures within an organization through showing an obligation of security at different levels in the organization. Safety culture is part of the core values that all employees and customers should observe by performing their obligations. It incorporates characteristics and attitudes in an organization and individuals towards the creation of safety priorities and their significance. Safety initiatives are favourable with the existence of a workplace culture that reduces errors Continue reading...
Civil Disobedience And Civil Rights Literature Review
Thoreau’s civil disobedience emerges from Thoreau’s refusal to pay church tax claiming that the church has no right to impose tax. His reasoning is that if all institutions were to present their tax bills to the government, then he would be bound to pay his; but, there is no justification for “taxing the schoolmaster to support the priest” (Thoreau 49). This implies that though the policy may be ethical, the underlying structure is disputable. His reasoning is influential; it stirs a logical query of every aspect of one’s own life, indicating a close connection between text Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Evidence Based Approaches
The power of thoughts: Evidence for Motor Imagery in upper-extremity rehabilitation, post-stroke and factors that contribute to its effectiveness in occupational therapy interventions.
According to statistics recorded by the Ministry of Health Singapore (2009), Sstroke is among the leading causes of death and disability with an incidence of 15 million new cases being reported worldwide annually (Ministry of Health Singapore 2009). It was further estimated established that 63% of stroke survivors continued to experience moderate to severe disability (Ministry of Health Singapore 2009: 7) . This disability mainly stemsstemmed from motor impairment (Sharma, Pomeroy and Baron 2006: 1941), and affecteding Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Gaining Energy In Solitude
Gaining energy in solitude
On introversion-extroversion, flow, energy, and different activities in solitude, various researchers have developed certain ideas on the subjects. Leary et al. (2002), note that individuals balance their interpersonal involvement with time they spend alone. However, they differ largely in the level to which they involve in and take pleasure in solitary activities. It is clearly noted that people achieve numerous advantages from living and affiliating with others. Even with this fact, most people even those that are greatly sociable spend a significant amount of their time on their own as a result of life circumstance or by choice. Although Continue reading...
Phaedra: An Example Of Enlightenment Values Literature Review Sample
The plot of Jean Racine’s play, “Phaedra,” follows the pattern of sexual intrigue and treachery. The plot of the play revolves around Phaedra, the second wife of Theseus, the king of Athens, and Hippolytus, the son of Theseus from his first wife Antiope. When the young Hippolytus shuns the worship of Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love, an angry Aphrodite compels Phaedra, Theseus’s second wife, to lust after her stepson in order to punish Hippolytus. Phaedra tries to resist the urge of her improper passions, but when Oenone, Phaedra’s nurse reveals to Phaedra’s desire Continue reading...
Tipping The Scales Of Fate The Imbalance Of Thought And Action In Shakespeares Hamlet Literature Review Examples
If we truly are masters of our own fates, then the actions that we take guide the course of our lives; in contrast, if we fail to take action, then our lives do not move forward. In order for a human being’s life to be harmonious, there must always be a delicate balance of thought and action that allows that person to make decisions wisely while at the same time keeping the urge to act on impulse too often at bay. However, if the scales tip to far in one way or another, then the results can be Continue reading...
Enterprise Performance Management Literature Review
Individuals refer to it as business performance management whereas others prefer calling it enterprise performance management or corporate performance management. The terms used are not as important as the meaning attached to the very entity. It basically refers to a framework of management aspects and analytical processes that enables the efficient and effective management of an organization’s performance (Devi, 2005, p.44). Achievement of certain set goals and missions is enhanced and enabled by the application of this vital aspect. Corporate performance management relatively relates to the ideas of Continue reading...
Good Example Of Literature Review On The Business Model
In the scope of this paper, the analysis of the business model was conducted from the perspective of the following aspects –as they are represented by the scholars in scientific literature: cost structure; key partners; central activities; major resources; value proposition; revenue structure; customer relationships; channel and customer segment. Additional emphasis was put on the case studies, which demonstrate effective utilization of the innovative business models
Key words: segmentation, business model, strategy, customers, planning.
THE BUSINESS MODEL CANVAS
First of all, in the scope of the business model canvas development, the cost structure would be discussed. In the scope of the article by Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On The Internment Of Japanese Americans
The Unites States of America has one of the most multicultural societies in the world. The nation is home to people from all races. In recent decades, the nation has become very democratic and racially tolerant. However, this has not always been the case. The United States has historically had a tendency of suppressing racially unique groups through racially motivated policies. The first example of this was the loss of liberty and land of the Native Americans to white settlers. The other action that comes to mind is the Jim Crow laws that enforced segregation between blacks and whites. Continue reading...
Good Example Of Literature Review On Fukushima Nuclear Energy Plant Disaster
The Tokohuma earthquake in Japan occurred in 2011 on March. It occurred in the Pacific Ocean where it caused a huge tsunami that was very devastating. The earthquake was the largest ever recorded in Japan and the fourth largest in the world. It produced a tsunami of sixteen metres high. What’s more is that the tsunami hit Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan that caused an explosion which produced radioactive contamination which spread over Japan and the surrounding areas affecting the air, soil as well as the water. This disastrous event had adverse effects on Japan as Continue reading...
Drug-Related Police Corruption Literature Reviews Examples
The following paper is dedicated to analyzing the prerequisites, state and consequences of drugs-related police corruption. Importance of highlighting results of research on the following issues is connected with the fact that trafficking in drugs, facilitated with the help of police corruption, has a great negative impact on drug abuse, especially in large cities with a high incidence of drug trafficking. Apart from studying the nature and extent of known drug-related police corruption, I will single out factors, commonly being associated with drug-related police corruption, including violence, as well as study current policies and programs, aimed at combating these Continue reading...
Good Example Of Literature Review On Are Video Games Affecting Our Current And Future Students
Valley City State University
Video games have become a large part of many peoples’ lives with ages ranging from toddlers to middle aged adults. Teachers are seeing this integration of gaming into the classroom with such things as Smartboards and Ipads to utilize the tech skills that students are developing. Unfortunately most teachers relate gaming to negative effects which are major concerns amongst most school faculties. As a future teacher, I want to know how gaming is affecting the students in a positive, negative, and social aspect. My experiences with gaming have been positive but how I view the Continue reading...
The Piper Alpha Disaster Literature Review Examples
The Piper Alpha disaster is well known for it resulted in the highest number of casualties who lost their lives in the history of off shore oil and gas rigging. This paper reviews literature on the Piper Alpha disaster presenting an overview of the circumstances that led to the occurrence of the tragedy. Further, it examines the role that different parties played with regard to their contributions to the situation. Subsequently, an analysis of the course of action taken with regard to the management of the disaster as it happened and in its aftermath is as well evaluated. The Continue reading...
Ginkgo Biloba And Memory Literature Review Sample
Ginkgo Biloba extract is widely used by older adults as a cognitive enhancer although efficacy studies show inconsistent results. A review was done of three quantitative studies with the hypothesis that once-daily use of Ginkgo Biloba does not help improve the memory of adults aged 50 years or older. One article was a clinical trial on the differences in electrical activity in the brain when Ginkgo Biloba or placebo is used during a working memory test. The second article is also a clinical trial that determined the efficacy of Ginkgo Biloba in reducing cognitive and therefore memory decline in Continue reading...
Female Teens’ Participation In Athletics Literature Review Examples
The participation of girls in athletics tapers off as they transition into teenage hood and as they become young women. The rate at which female teens stop participating in athletics is much higher as compared to male teens. TrueSport (2014) reported that the number of female high school athletes is about 17 times greater than that of female athletes in colleges. This shows a great decline in young girls’ participation in athletics during adolescence. Women’s Sports Foundation (2011) found out that by the age of seven, the number of girls who have quit athletics and sports generally far Continue reading...
Social Cognitive Theory Literature Review Examples
Historical Overview on the Development of Learning Theories
There are several theories that describe how a person learns. These theories stem from the fact that the learning ability of one person is unique from the other. Learning is a relatively permanent modification in behavior to include the observed activity and the internal processes involved such as thinking, attitudes and emotions. Some studies also include motivation as part of the definition of the learning process. The manifestations of learning cannot be noticed immediately in the observable behavior of an individual. However, the manifestation takes place after the educational program is introduced to the person (Dunn, 2002).
The origins Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About Common Standards Used In Return On Investment Calculations
Return on investments (ROI) is one of the most crucial calculations that organizations’ management need to make as a way of ensuring that their businesses have a long-term viability. Thus, it is becoming crucial for businesses not only to identify their operations profitability but also to measure the efficiency of their investments in providing a return. However, the metric’s application varies with different business types, and that forms the objective of this study in establishing the various ROI standards that are applied by companies with a focus on the service oriented businesses. (Vinci, 2010) In that Continue reading...
Good Literature Review On Motion Sensors For Energy Management
ISO 14000 is a family of standards that have been created for environmental management. Their main purpose is to define standards and requirements in order to help organizations reduce their operations, which may have negative effect on the environment. This standard notably includes ISO 14001, which represents a core set of standards to be used by organizations in designing and implementing an effective environmental management system. The current version is ISO 14001: 2004. This standard sets a criterion for environmental management system. It does not describe the requirements for environmental performances, but has developed a framework that a company Continue reading...
Good Example Of An Analysis Of The Impact Of Sexual Harassment/Sexual Assault In The Military Literature Review
According to (Heather and Cobb-Clark, 2006), sexual harassment is one of the issues that affect the workplace in the modern society. The consequences associated with sexual harassment include: reduced psychological well-being, physical health problems and symptoms of traumatic stress (Anonymous, 2010). Erin, (2006) argues that in the military, these conditions are becoming common, and violate all the United States Army purports to represent. Sexual harassment and sexual assault refer to conditions whereby sexual contact is intended through circumstances where force, threats, intimidation or abuse of authority are applied (Anna, 2012). On a wider scale it may include situations such Continue reading...
Hamlets Antic Disposition Real Or Unreal Literature Review Examples
Hamlet’s Antic Disposition: Real or Unreal
The young prince Hamlet decided to put on an “antic disposition” to find out if the supposed ghost of his father had been telling the truth about its death. But as the play progresses, there are moments when Hamlet’s insanity seems to become less and less of a pretense and seems to become more and more genuine. Most of his actions and thoughts are consistent of that of an insane person; however, some of his actions and thoughts also indicate that he is aware of this and that it is all part of his act.
Shakespeare Studies Literature Review Samples
What Hamlet Has Changed and What We Learn From Hamlet and Hamlet the Play by William Shakespeare
Information Hamlet Learns Concerning Events in Denmark
Hamlet learns about various events in Denmark and finds out more information concerning his family, friends, reality, and appearances, balancing thoughts, loyalty, polities, and love. The new information that Hamlet learns becomes essential in his life and influences his perception and conception about various aspects in life. Hamlet realizes that Denmark is filled with corruption and is on the verge of destruction. He finds out that ruthless scheming by many people starting with the palace, and royal treason troubles Denmark.
Hamlet learns significant information concerning his family. First, he finds out that Continue reading...