There has been an ineffective penal system for punishing criminals. The government should aim at getting tough on criminal activities to ensure that the society becomes safe and comfortable in a criminal free environment. However, there has been conflicting influences in the penal system that has proved to be inefficient in protecting people from crime. Law makers have tried to raise issues to solve the problems within the penal system but with less success because the criminals have always been given less punishments. For a penal system to be effective, it should focus on reasonable principles and should serve Continue reading...
Drugs Research Papers Samples For Students
Free Methadone Research Paper Sample
The research paper discusses the origin and nature of methadone, including the historical aspect of its development and further commercial and scientific use. The paper also describes the pharmacology of methadone, including the route of administration of the drug, its metabolism and its mechanism of action. Next section of the paper explains the experience in medical use of methadone, as it`s a great alternative to the painkillers based on the opiates, it plays a major role in the therapy of maintaining and replacement and treating the withdrawals syndromes. The positive effects on the pregnant patients are also described Continue reading...
Research Paper On Drugs And Gangs
This paper explores the history of gangs and their relationship with drugs in the United States. The existing literature shows that gangs have been around since 18th century, they have evolved over the time to carry out different atrocities in the cities. Research has shown that violence is a way of life for the gang members because it is their main system of justice. The paper also identifies the measures that state agencies should use to curb the illicit trade and save the society from the terror that is associated with this trade. The research has shown that the Continue reading...
Good Example Of Research Paper On What Are The Sociological Causes Of Drug Use & Abuse Among College Students
Sociological causes of drug use & abuse among college students: An Introduction
The college students, particularly those between the age-group of 18 and 24 are normally registered in colleges and universities. They are at increased risk for involving in risk drinking and other substance use than their non-college peers. These students have a tendency to involve in binge drinking and other drugs than other age-groups, whether or not they are registered in college. Normally, this predisposition arises because of:
- Developmental traits of puberty and maturity, consisting of ongoing brain maturity through in the early 20s and the progress towards greater freedom and independence
- Social and cultural standards of college Continue reading...
Should Medical Marijuana Be Legal Research Paper Examples
Marijuana is a psychoactive drug that is mainly used as an illicit drug and for medicinal purposes. It is said to be the most commonly used drug worldwide today. Its legalization has been a topic of contention among many, with both sides giving strong reasons about their stand. Due to its psychoactive effect, the drug has been illegalized in many nations, except for a few who have legalized it for medicinal purposes. The question is should medicinal marijuana be legalized? Yes, medicinal marijuana should be legalized in order to save lives that are being lost, yet something can be Continue reading...
Abuse Of Amphetamine In USA And Around The Globe Research Paper Example
The United Nations (UN) estimates that the number of amphetamine abusers to be between 13-53 million globally and most of them are between 15-64 years old. Amphetamines are a group of psychoactive drugs that induce a stimulant effect on users. However, they are associated with a high level of psychological dependence and potential for both mental and physical toxicity-related problems (Sevak, William, and Rush).
Being body stimulants, amphetamine's abuse has potential for adverse effects on the abuser. Amphetamines elicit both mental and physical symptoms in active users and those on withdrawal/rehabilitation. Some of the side effects of amphetamine abuse Continue reading...
Good Barriers And Challenges Of Law Enforcement Research Paper Example
Law enforcement deals with upholding given laws in a particular state under given jurisdiction. The people dealing with law enforcement are specific professionals with the aim of enforcing national laws, managing law breakers by punishing the accordingly and depending on the magnitude of law disobedience. Law enforcement can be divided into two categories depending on the goal aimed to achieve; first being a preventive measure, by the professionals, that seek to prevent any damage that might be translated to another person in the society whereas the second seeks to put the criminals on trial and assign punishments depending on Continue reading...
Drug Use And Criminal Behavior Research Paper
Relationship between drug and crime
Drug abuse occurs as a result of maladaptive habits of drug use. It is manifested by recurrent and significant impact associated with repeated intake of the drugs. These problems occur repeatedly during the period of 12 months. The criteria include; harmful impacts of repeated use rather than tolerance and pattern of compulsive use. Drug abuse leads to addiction and drug dependency. The dependency raises the maladaptive pattern of substance abuse, resulting to cluster of behavioral and psychological phenomenon that develops after several drugs intakes. Drug dependency includes a strong urge to take the drug; Continue reading...
Sample Research Paper On Treatment Is Cheaper
Incarceration or Intervention: Costs and Benefits
In the work of leading global research organizations RTI International, by sending substance abusers to community-based programs rather than hauling these people to jail, the United States criminal justice system stands to save billions of dollars, in a study of the RTI International and Temple University. In the study of the groups, almost one half of the prisoners in the Federal and state prison system are incarcerated for drug abuse or substance addicts. However, even with the high rate of drug and substance abusers in the prison, it is estimated that only one out of ten get Continue reading...
Mechanism Of Acetylsalicylic Acid (Aspirin) Research Paper
Aspirin is one of the most commonly used drug in the world. The generic name is acetyl salicylic acid and the drug belongs to the group of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, which works by inhibiting the production of compounds in the body that cause pain, fever, inflammation, and blood clots (Koester, 1993). Aspirin is also a member of the salicylate family of compounds as it is synthesized from salicylic acid, which was discovered in Oxford (UK) by Edward stone in 1793 and first synthesized in the laboratory in 1897 by a German scientist, Felix Hoffmann of the Bayer company ( Continue reading...
Slide 1 Research Paper Examples
Opium is a strong drug, derived from the sun-dried milky juice extracted from the unripe pods of the opium poppy. Contains about 20 alkaloids. In traditional medicine, due to the high content of morphine alkaloids used as a strong painkiller. However, he quickly called drug addiction and is now used only as a raw material for medicines (morphine, codeine, papaverine, and others), as well as for the synthesis of the drug heroin.
The first mention of opium was fixed 300th year BC. Opium was used in ancient Greece, its analgesic properties were mentioned by Hippocrates. The use of opium Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Parkinsons Disease
Parkinson’s disease is grouped under movement disorders. This group comprises of disorders that relate to various unusual body movements. In addition, these odd movements are linked to the neurological system. For example, conditions such as ataxia, cerebral palsy and Tourette syndrome fall under this category.
Parkinson’s disease refers to a progressive disorder of the nervous system which influences an individual’s movement, writing and speech (Simuni, 2009). This infection is characterized by symptoms that develop in a gradual manner, and may start as a slight tremor of the hand. The disease is also associated with stiffness of Continue reading...
Example Of Heroin Research Paper
Having an addiction of any kind is dangerous. However, one kind of addiction that involves the most amount of health risk is drug addiction. Drug addiction is an ill that can rear its ugly head no matter who you are, and that is reason enough to take notice of it. Sadly though, despite what many people would like to believe, addiction to drugs is still very much a part of modern society, and the numbers surrounding the addiction are mind boggling to say the least. According to figures provided by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, around Continue reading...
Example Of Federal Legalization Of Marijuana Research Paper
This research paper examines the evidence that supports a continuance of the existing federal ban on the recreational use of marijuana. While there seems to be a groundswell of public support for legalization of its use – which many claim is the result of strenuous lobbying by pro-marijuana activists – there remains strong scientific evidence in support of a continuing ban on the grounds of public health and safety, especially among the younger generation who would be most affected and most vulnerable to addiction and other problems if it were legalized, thereby making access that much easier.
The independent and highly Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Depression And Suicide Among College Students
Problem statement overview:
This project aims at establishing the causes and how to manage depression and suicide among the college students. The research topic is the nature of depression and suicide among the college students. The potential causes of suicide and depression causes like relationships and aspects of drug abuse are investigated fully. This research topic is of the essence due to the problems of depression and suicide among the students in the colleges.
The literature review entails information of previous reports on the topic of depression and suicide among the college students. Several authors have written about the topic of depression Continue reading...
Alcoholism And Drug Abuse Research Paper Sample
Drugs and substance abuse have been on the rise world over. In response to this social problem, there are numerous organizations that are dedicated towards alleviation of this problem. Among the many organizations, there is the Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Council on Alcoholism and Drug Abuse (CADA). The organizations have varied methods of approach in the attempt to provide solutions to the problem of alcoholism and drug abuse.
Alcoholic Anonymous (AA)
This organization was founded in 1935 as an international fellowship for mutual aid by Dr. Bob Smith and Bill Wilson. The primary goal for the organization was “to stay sober and Continue reading...
Research And Analysis Order # 314899 Research Papers Example
Use of Mass Drug Administration (MDA) to eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) in urban areas has not been successful due to challenges such as need for prior population registration, limited access to urban dwellers, acquisition of specific parental consent, inadequate programme support, low compliance due to insufficient information, non-uniform need for MDA across different socio-economic strata and inadequately motivated Community Drug Distributors (CDDs) who are few, (Njomo D. W. et al, 2014, p. 2)
Compliance could be improved by ensuring adequate information and education is availed to the targeted community through social mobilization. This is emphasized by Hodges et al. ( Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Benefits Of Medical Marijuana
Benefits of Medical Marijuana
The government should allow the utilization of medical marijuana for hospitalized patients suffering from terminal conditions that cause them to lose appetite and undergo a great deal of pain and suffering. In addition, medical marijuana if administered by health practitioners could be used to manage the symptoms of illnesses like cancer and AIDS whose treatments has adverse effects on the health of the patients.
- Medical marijuana should be permitted to be used in hospice facilities.
- Benefits of medical marijuana treatment illnesses and management of symptoms.
- Medical marijuana is supposed to be synthesized so that most hazardous Continue reading...
Free Advances In Understanding And Treating People With HIV Research Paper Example
Halting the spread/progression of HIV/AIDS by the year 2015 is one of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. The United Nations (2013) indicate that tremendous advancements have been made in efforts to reverse the spread of HIV among the world populations. Most regions in the world have reported a reduction in persons newly infected with HIV. However, from a global perspective the awareness and knowledge level of how HIV is transmitted and prevention measures still remain significantly low especially among the young generation. Moreover, adherence and access to HIV treatment still remain a challenge to the control of HIV Continue reading...
Free Research Paper On Does Methadone Enable Or Recover Patients
Controversies regarding the use of methadone have been existent over the past three decades. The use of the drug has received praise and condemnation in equal measure. The controversies have been persistent especially due to misinformation on the part of the various parties concerned; the addicts and their families, sponsors, physicians and ethnic leaders. Staff who are meant to guide addicts need to get the right information on the level of safety.
The recent past has seen an increase in the number of methadone-related deaths. This is especially so in the use of the drug in combination with other Continue reading...
Sample Research Paper On Drew Barrymore: Battle With Drugs And Alcohol
This paper discusses the psychological aspects of Drew Barrymore in light of etiology of her drug addiction and alcoholism. The contents of this paper are gathered from various resources available online and on print about the life of Drew Barrymore. This paper is a product of research from other first-hand sources already available for public reading. Facts are merely collected and selected to come up with the final output. Thoughts and opinions embedded in this article do not represent the subject, any website or any medical institution. This paper is intended for academic purposes only. Several works are quoted Continue reading...
Sample Research Paper On Marijuana: Decades Of Debate
Marijuana: Decades of Debates
Marijuana is a drug that has many names. Some call it Hashish, others Sinsemilla, and others call it Hemp. The most common name is pot. Other popular names are weed and herb. However, its scientific name is Cannabis Sativa (Merrill, 1999). It is usually smoked in cigarettes. This drug is one of the most addictive drugs existing today. The use of this drug has various effects, especially to those people that are addicted to it. It is estimated that over 4 percent of all Americans are users of pot. Of this 4 percent, 1 percent abuse the drug.
Before Continue reading...
Mdmaname:course:instructor:date Research Paper Samples
MDMA, otherwise known as “ecstasy” has been in circulation since for many decades. Once a tool for psychologists it eventually devolved into a street narcotic. Sometimes, if not always, it can be very dangerous to the user. With a variety of side effects that are alluring to the typical miscreant, MDMA/ecstasy has built itself a strong reputation as one of the more fun street drugs, despite its dangers.
In 1912, Anton Kollisch was a Merck chemist and the first person to synthesize MDMA in a lab. Initially, the drug was being developed in an attempt to stop abnormal bleeding. Continue reading...
The Scene Research Paper Examples
Behavioral changes in your 14-year-old and are concerned that he/she may be using drugs or alcohol
Behavioral changes in your 14-year-old and are concerned that he/she may be using drugs or alcohol
Dear JessicaI hope and guess you are doing well in your new area and city, and your recent job is exciting as well. We are doing well here in Washington except for a few issues that have put me into a lot of worry and concern. I believe you do understand the challenges that come with adolescent children and the temptations that they face in life due to the different developments and changes that occur into them, as well as adventurous steps and Continue reading...
Effects Of Alcohol Research Paper
It is common knowledge that regular consumption of alcohol to excess can result in becoming addicted and can cause various adverse effects. The wide ranging effects of alcohol over-consumption, which can affect not just the individual’s own health but can also adversely affect the person’s family members and acquaintances, and can – in severe cases – lead to a life of crime and even premature death, are researched in the following paragraphs.
- Facts about Alcohol and Drug Abuse.
Excessive alcohol consumption is acknowledged to be a recognized disease. “Facts about Alcohol and Drug Abuse” published by the Florida Continue reading...
Paper Due Date Research Paper Example
In his drug education book, Methamphetamine, journalist Hal Marcovitz (2006) called methamphetamine “the ugliest drug there is”. The section immediately below discusses the drug’s history—its progression to ugliness. Subsequent sections describe the preparation and effects of methamphetamine, legal issues, and recovery from methamphetamine addiction.
In 1887, a Japanese chemist extracted ephedrine, the precursor to methamphetamine, from the ephedra plant. Ephedrine was soon found useful in treating respiratory illness, especially asthma. About the same time, a German chemist combined ephedrine with other chemicals and produced amphetamine, which was also used to treat nasal and chest congestion. Due to Continue reading...
Main Body Research Paper Example
A. Abnormal impulse construct is associated closely with drug addiction. From a science perspective, production of impulses can be altered by addiction. The urge of the addict to consume more of a drug may be explained with close analysis of the addiction chain (Ryan, 18).
B. The relationship that exists between addiction and impulse control still remains unclear. Researchers are puzzled with the question: what precedes what? Disorders resulting from drug abuse and addiction are closely interconnected with impulsivity (Ryan, 33). Such interrelationships have been expressed with little clarity. (Chopra, 66).
C. It is important to note that Continue reading...
Good Research Paper About Methodology
Nebulization is the most effective method for delivering medications to patients suffering from respiratory disease. Nebulizers do not require special inhalation techniques; therefore, hospitals utilize a variety of nebulizer designs for medicinal delivery. One of these devices is called AeroEclipse, which can be operated via one of two different modes. The breath actuation mode generates aerosol only during the patient’s inspiration while the other mode allows for the continuous generation of aerosol particles regardless of the patient’s inspiratory and expiratory efforts. Also, the AeroEclipse has two different patient interfaces: the facemask and the mouthpiece. The hypothesis of Continue reading...
Example Of War On Drugs In America Research Paper
U.S. President Richard Nixon declares war on drugs June 17, 1971. Since then, the U.S. has spent on the war more than 1 trillion dollars, and produced more than 45 million arrests. Drug use remained the same. The U.S. population is 4.5 % of the world, and the number of people jailed in the U.S. - 25 % of the total number of prisoners around the world. Over 500,000 are jailed for drugs. 2.7 million Children have a parent behind bars. The probability that they will be behind bars are much higher than those whose parents escaped this fate. In Continue reading...
Customs And Border Protection Agency Research Paper
The job of improving our border protection should be that of the national security to keep away non-desirables and undocumented Individuals from gaining access to the United States. Through the National Security we have the Customs and Border Protection Agency tasked with maintaining security along our borders and ensuring none of the unwanted aliens enter our country.
However, with the increased cases of Terrorism being witnessed in the country and the more drug trafficking cases today, it is the responsibility of every citizen to ensure our borders are safer than before. We are witnessing more issues related to human Continue reading...
A Social Psychological Perspective On The Current Events Research Paper Sample
Social in the broad sense means the society while psychology denotes the scientific study of an individual’s mental behavior and functions. Social psychology therefore involves the study people’s thoughts, feelings and behavior influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. It underlies the spectrum assumption of how human action is the product of free will or determinism, nurture or nature (Cartwright 20). In essence, it defines the way the environment influences the character and socialization of an individual. In an ideal environment where the individuals adhere to the norms of the society, the degree of Continue reading...
Good Criminal Justice: Mass Incarceration Of People Of Color Research Paper Example
- Racial discrimination in sentencing, incarceration and policing of black as opposed to white
Criminal Justice Policies and Black Incarceration
- Influence of criminal justice policies in incarceration patterns
- Drug policy and incarceration pattern of the black as opposed to white
- Influence of social inequality on rate of criminality
Policing, Arrest and Conviction Patterns
- Policing, arrest, and conviction patterns of black, white, and Hispanic tend to differ in various states
- Criminal penalties for crack and powder cocaine offenses indicates the disproportional effects criminal justice system on black and Latino
- The mass incarceration of black as opposed to other ethnic groups in United States Continue reading...
Good Example Of The Effects Of War And Peace On Foreign Aid Research Paper
The state of war and peace in Afghanistan has had a significant impact on the distribution of the foreign aid. Afghanistan is among the developing countries, according to the ISI (International Statistical Institute). It is classified as a developing country on the criterion that it has a GNI (Gross National Income) of less than US $11, 905 per capita a year (ISI, 2014). In order to help Afghanistan (and other developing countries) get through the development process, developed countries and international organizations, channel funds to this country, in the form of foreign. However, given the state of war and Continue reading...
The Importance Of Research And Development Research Paper
Importance of Research and Development
Importance of Research and Development
There are a number of challenges that Pfizer Inc. has been facing for past many years. One of the challenges includes the currency exchange rate that has affected its overall sales. The decrease in the number of sales in the first quarter of 2013 resulted in lower profits for the year of 2014 as well.
In addition, Pfizer Inc. also tried to undertake higher sales in the regions where the sales tax percentage for lesser. In this manner, the tax revenue was lowered for Pfizer Inc. At the same time, SEC published a notice Continue reading...
The Abuse And Distribution Of Opium Research Papers Examples
Prescription pain medication abuse has become an epidemic. The statistics on this form of abuse are increasing and are fatal. Prescription opioid pain medicine are being abused and are leading to more deaths than all other street illicit drugs including cocaine and heroin. Over 86% of OxyContin abusers report that they had not been prescribed the drug for medical purposes. Health care providers wrote 259 million prescriptions for painkillers in 2012, enough for every American to have a bottle of pills. In 2012, of the 41,502 drug overdose deaths in the USA, 22,114 (53%) were related to Continue reading...
Free The War On Drugs In The United States Research Paper Sample
Illegal drugs are being misused by many people around the globe. Some of this illegal drugs have medicinal value but has addicting characteristics. This is the reason why they are being widely prohibited. In the United States is making a lot of movement to stop the usage and distribution of these substance. The declaration of War on Drugs was more than forty years ago by President Richard Nixon. However, there are many conflicts that weakens the War on Drugs movement of the United States (US). Military, US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), and other US government departments are doing ways Continue reading...
Good Substance Abuse Portrayal In The Media Research Paper Example
Despite efforts of the federal government, schools, and parents in preventing the youth from engaging in vices, the youth still gravitates toward abusing substances such as alcohol, cigarette, and drugs due to the $25 billion worth of advertisements that are shown during the airing of movies and television programs. It seems that advertisers discovered that the media depiction of substance use would be more effective than traditional advertising. This is because in general, media contents are seen as positive; otherwise, they would not be released for public viewing. Moreover, media depictions would not induce criticisms as much as advertising Continue reading...
Example Of Research Paper On Sequence Of Events In The Criminal Justice System
Application of the Criminal Justice System
The criminal justice system operates on a very wide-range perspective. Aside from the scope, the same system also works on a case-to-case standards that requires the arresting officer, the investigator or any criminal justice agents’ capacity to make best and appropriate judgment. In a statistics released by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, it suggests that in 2009, the crime rate in the United States is has been decreasing significantly from when the agency has stated recording crime rate in 1980’s. In fact, from 13,403 in 1980 down to 10,639 in 2009, overall crime rate had been Continue reading...
Build Model And Experiments Research Paper
This paper aims at building models in an experiment. It determines the use of drugs in social places through incorporating three models. In each of the models, the probability that people take drugs will be established in reflection to different elements and constraints such as laws, availability of drug sellers and the types of clubs or entertainment places where the people go to. Also, the state of minds of the individuals will be fundamental to distinguish whether they are vulnerable to taking drugs or not. These factors will be identified and classified either as dependent or independent variables through Continue reading...
Example Of My Stand Is Against Animal Testing Specifically For Medicine Purposes Research Paper
Man co-exists with animals and nature on the earth. The animals that share the earth with us too have fears, and are able to feel pain in their bodies. Hence it is illegal and unethical to experiment upon the animals in the name of discovering remedies to various diseases of the mankind. Experimenters and medical researchers intentionally cause damage to different body parts of animals, in addition to artificially inducing conditions like cancer in their bodies. Every year millions of animals, including monkeys, guinea pigs, dogs, rabbits, mice and frogs are tested or killed by researchers and scientists of Continue reading...