Sensation is the process of collecting all information from the outside world and sending it to the brain using the nervous system. It is described as a passive process since one does not need to consciously take time to sense. On the other hand, “perception is the process of actively selecting, arranging and interpreting the information rendered to the brain through the sensory system” (Gibson, 1986).
Thus the process of perception occurs in two main stages or processes. The first process that occurs is sensation. The sensory system is composed of the sensory organs nose, eye, tongue and the