2. Literature review
The phrase Quality of work life (QWL) according to Stephen and Dhanapal (2011); Bagtasos (2011), originates back in 19th century labor conference at Arden House, Columbia University. Stephen and Dhanapal states that people use the term to refer to the well-being of organization employees. Nevertheless, Normala (2010) uses business perspective to define QWL as employee satisfaction and their work related behaviors. Stephen and Dhanapal indicates that QWL also affects employees in the way they response to their work in terms of job performance, job effort, organization identification, job involvement, job satisfaction, personal alienation, intention to quit Continue reading...
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Role Literature Reviews Samples For Students
Literature Review On Quality Of Work Life
2. Literature review
Free American Political Parties Literature Review Example
Contemporary studies view parties as alliances of politicians whose ultimate objective is to win electoral office. Parties make promises on behalf of their candidates about what they will do if elected, and help improve chances of reelection for incumbents through their records of implementing their programs (Bawn et al. 571). It is plain to see how these parties might serve democracy. Citizens can give more effective direction to government by voting for a party instead of an individual. They create an incentive for responsible governance by holding an entire party rather than a single politician accountable for government actions ( Continue reading...
Free Literature Review About Toxic Leadership
Toxic Leadership 4
Research Purpose and Questions 5
Research purpose 5
Research questions 6
Literature Review 7
Characteristic and behavior of toxic leaders 8
Effects of toxic leadership 9
Can toxic leaders change? 10
Toxic leadership in the society has been influential in setting bad precedent for organizations and groups of people. Toxic leaders are led by personal vendetta which seeks to enrich themselves at the expense of their followers. This has led to conflicts among employees as the behavior of their leader affects their performance. It’s thus an important aspect Continue reading...
Good Airport Operation Model: Literature Review Example
2.2 Airport Development
2.2.1 Airport History
The history of the development of airports worldwide dates back to the late 1800s with the first ever professionally functional airport according to NYC Aviation (2012) was developed in the outskirts of Paris dubbed Port Aviation. This fact is however indispute since other factions lay claims to being the world’s first or oldest airport. For instance according to Prince George’s Department of Parks and Recreation (2010) College Park Airport in Maryland is the oldest airport that is functional to this day having been established in 1909 by Wilbur Wright. Continue reading...
MiRNA Biogenesis And Mode Of Action Literature Review Examples
MicroRNAs are small, single-stranded, non-coding, 16–29 nucleotide RNA molecules (approximately 22 nucleotides in length) comprising of an evolutionarily conserved class of endogenous ribo-regulators that regulate (modulate) gene expression (Wiemer, 2007, p.1529; Zhang et al., 2006, p.9136; Garzon et al., 2009, p.168). They were discovered in 1993 in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (Espinosa & Slack, 2006, p.131). Currently, 4167 miRNAs are listed in the miRNA registry and 474 human miRNAs have been identified (Wiemer, 2007, p.1530).
The miRNA genes are dispersed across the genome in gene clusters or as single genes. At least 50% of the miRNA genes are in Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On The Effects Of Technology On Reading Comprehension
P. Kim et al (2011) recorded that Technology can be a powerful means to increase access to learning opportunities and to a broaden information society .However the reaches have not satisfactorily studied the role of technology in the effects to reading and comprehension. Therefore this is a literature review that considers role of technology in reading and understanding comprehension, phonology, and the roles of the teachers in asking, answering questions and storytelling and retelling.
High teachers’ role resulting in story retelling
Many researches have been conducted on the effects of technology in reading comprehension in various groups of learners of different levels of development. Kim, Continue reading...
Key Role Of Shrm In Advancing The Degree Of Team Learning Literature Review Example
Definition of Problem
The technology has squeezed the map of world into a global village and this poses great challenges for HRPs to design polices accordingly. The business environment is now globally connected and this leads to workforce with people from different cultures and background. The HRPs are now facing a challenge to strategically integrate the role of HR in the success of an organization. Globalization has forced HRPs to formulate policies to facilitate learning and development of teams. HRPs need to link strategies and the work process according to the emerging global business concern in order to help employees to fulfill Continue reading...
Literature Review On The Biogenesis Mode Of Action And Function Of Mirnas
MicroRNAs are small, single-stranded, non-coding, 16–29 nucleotide RNA molecules comprising of an evolutionarily conserved class of endogenous ribo-regulators that regulate gene expression (Wiemer, 2007; Garzon et al., 2009). They were discovered in 1993 in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans (Espinosa & Slack, 2006). Currently, 4167miRNAs are listed in the miRNA registry and 474 human miRNAs have been identified (Wiemer, 2007).
MicroRNAs are crucial for the development of vertebrates due to the fact that depletion of the components of the miRNA processing pathway, or interfering with maturation of miRNAs, is not compatible with life (Wiemer, 2007). Continue reading...
Free Literature Review About Human Resource Management: Leadership And Its Influence On Innovation In Business
Practically every aspect of business has undergone a massive transformation over the past two decades as globalization and modernization fueled by technological advancement have engulfed the business landscape. As a result, significant change has been witnessed in a variety of business related areas that range from business operations and information technology, to strategic competitive positioning and human resource management. Regardless of the area of business in question, it is the leadership that has come to play an integral role in the change and innovation process, which has enabled the business landscape as a whole to transform into the highly Continue reading...
Education: Literature Review Sample
Importance of play in early childhood
Sub-themes that relate to the theme
Key theoretical frameworks that relate to each theme
Critical analysis of the framework
Key empirical studies that relate to each theme
Summary of literature
- Key aspects of the studies
- How studies relate to the research topic?
Importance of play in early childhood
The Importance of Play to Children’s Learning and Development in Early Childhood Program
“Playing to Learn/Learning
Literature 1. The Role of Pretend Play in Children's Cognitive Development by Doris Bergen; Miami University.
This article presents expert opinion pertaining to the research topic under review. It exposes evidence suggesting Continue reading...
Free House Was Ready For The Journey. He Took Leave Of Sarah Literature Review Example
It was early in the morning, and everything in Abraham’s
and Eliezer, the faithful servant, accompanied him along
the road until he turned back again. They rode along in har-
many, Abraham and Isaac, until they came to Mount Mo-
riah. Abraham made everything ready for the sacrifice, calmly
and gently, but when he turned away and drew the knife,
Isaac saw that Abraham’s left hand was clenched in despair,
that a shudder went through his whole body — but Abraham
drew the knife.
Then they returned home again, and Sarah hurried to meet
them, but Isaac had lost the faith. Not a word is ever said of
this in the world, and Isaac never talked to anyone about
what he had seen, and Abraham did not suspect that Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Program Design Elements
Evidence Base Practice
Tuberculosis is a bacterial caused disease which majorly affects the respiratory system with its effects with time, affecting the body and the entire immune system. Tuberculosis in this age of HIV/AIDs is a major opportunistic disease which if not detected early can exacerbate the health of a patient with HIV/AIDS (National Tuberculosis Conference (Bangladesh), Hossain, S, & National Anti-Tuberculosis Association of Bangladesh, 2009). Immigrants have traditionally been the most vulnerable groups when it comes to tuberculosis. Immigrants globally have been a hot bed for the deadly disease. The level of exposure of Tuberculosis among immigrants around Continue reading...
Literature Review On Electoral College
The Electoral College is a constitutional electoral institution judged with the responsibility of electing the President and Vice-president. The Electoral College was established in the United State’s Constitution in 1798, when the country was facing political challenges of this time. The Electoral College was established principally because of the possibility of elections in the country degenerating into violence and chaos. The electoral institution was meant to thwart the politically charged environment of the late 18th century. The Electoral College also served to balance between the interests of the government and citizens during an electoral process (Honaker, Continue reading...
Socialization Of New Graduates Literature Review Sample
INTO PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE
Every profession entails a certain degree of competence, expertise and professionalism for a professional to cope with and attain in order for this professional to be considered “competent” and “professional” in the practice of his profession. This level of competence and professionalism may be associated or correlated to the professional’s academic preparation, years of professional experience and degree of technical competence and expertise in carrying out skills necessary in the practice of the profession. In the nursing profession, the levels of competence and professional expertise can be summarized sequentially in the following stages: novice, advanced beginner, competent, proficient, Continue reading...
The Positive Impacts Of Being A Working Mother Literature Reviews Example
Retaining Careers Contribute to Child Well-Being and Future
The purpose of this literature review is to assess various researches into the positive impacts of being a working mother, and to assess whether or not working mothers have positive impacts on their children’s well-being and future when compared to stay-at-home mothers. Evidence suggests that working mothers can serve as good role models and caregivers for their children in comparison to mothers who stay-at-home with their children (Figes 1) (Heinrich 122) (Sherman 1). The labor participation rate of mothers with underage children was almost 70 percent in 2013 (“Latest Annual Data”). These statistics suggest the importance and Continue reading...
Example Of Literature Review On Bacillus Anthracis: Understanding The Spore Protein For Vaccine Development
Bacteria are the very first life forms in the history of our planet. Since the beginning they were exposed to extreme changes of temperature, pressure, pH and nutrients; hence, to survive, they had to adapt themselves. One strategy of survival is to go into suspension or dormancy, by converting themselves into a seed form or spores. When conditions become normal, these spores germinate back to vegetative form. This property is also seen in pathogenic bacteria that infect higher animals such as humans. One such group of bacteria is from the Genus Bacillus.When exposed to stress, these bacteria go into Continue reading...
Facebook Effect On Friendship: Boon Or Bane Literature Reviews Examples
The increasing and rapidly evolving use of social media in general and Facebook in particular have reflected substantially on the different forms of friendship. This reflection can be seen as both positively and negatively. This literature review presents an analysis of how social media and in particularly Facebook has effected friendship. The paper has discussed various studies, research and surveys based on friendship, the human nature and behavior in respect to friendship and role of social media, especially role of Facebook on the forms of friendship. Different literature reviews have been used to present information and to analyze Continue reading...
Perspective Of Revenue Managers For The New Development In Revenue Management Literature Review Sample
Perspective of revenue managers for the new development in revenue management
Revenue managers are undeniably under more strain than in the contemporary to deliver not only quality services, but also ensure that they record a maximum revenue growth. With the aid of a closely controlled investigation that would facilitate them envisage customer conduct, they would be in a position to optimize product accessibility and the prices to arrive at the aimed at revenue progress. However, they ought to take various aspects into considerations. For instance, they ought to present the right product with the right pack to the right customer, and more so, that ought to be done at Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Teaching Academics Through Art Making For Students With Learning Disabilities
Learning disabilities refer to an assortment of disorders which are usually evidenced by pertinent difficulties in attainment of educational knowledge. This can be manifested through complexities in; reading, listening, writing, speaking or reasoning. Learning disabilities can be classified into various categories based on the information processing ability of the students. Some students may experience difficulties in the input and synthesis of information. Whereas others may find it difficult to integrate and interpret the information given. Consequently, some students may have disabilities in the storage of educational information thus they find it difficult to memorize what is taught in class ( Continue reading...
Higher Education And Income Literature Review
Throughout the world, education is linked with income in the minds of many, particularly as they arm their children for the challenges of life. Getting a college degree is often equated with getting a better job and making more money; this is often the impetus behind pursing higher education for many people in industrialized countries throughout the world. However, is this true? Is there a correlation between the level of education one has and the amount of money they make? The following examines the literature available on the subject to gain an understanding of the pervading wisdom of Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Brain Size Correlation
Brain size correlation
Research by scientists tends to show that there is disproportionate and sudden growth of brain during a person’s early years and autism. This seems to suggest that rapid excessive growth will likely prevent a child from making the necessary connections that guide one’s normal behavior. This research also indicates that adolescents and children who have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have brains that are smaller in percentage when compared to those without ADHD (Haier et al. 2005). Science tends to support the phenomenon that with age, brains shrink. This however may not affect cognitive functions. Continue reading...
Cate Literature Review
Use of the First Language (L1) in Teaching a Second Language
This literature review will analyze previous studies that investigated similar problems to those given in the topic. The literature review will focus on three major areas: The effect of using student’s L1 in the English as a foreign language classroom; the relationship between teachers’ and students’ perception of language learning to the actual L1 and L2 use in the classroom; and teachers’ and students’ beliefs on the role of L1 and L2 in the Arabic foreign language classroom.
The effect of using student’s L1 in the English as a foreign language classroom
Many language scholars have conducted research on Continue reading...
The Unmet Needs Of Carers In The Australian Society Today Literature Review
The main purpose of this paper is to discuss how care responsibilities in the continent of Australia are affecting the lives of the carers in a negative manner. The impact of the burden of care is acute on the mental, physical and economic state of the carers. Mental illness may even be an outcome of this burden. The families of the carers are also being affected in the process.
Most Australians have to undertake caring responsibilities at some point in their lives. The extent and type of care usually depends on the nature of the family. Care in Australia Continue reading...
Does Religion Make People Happy In Their Life Literature Review Examples
Religion is an organized collection of cultural systems, belief systems and world views that relate humanity to spirituality and at times moral values. Religions are characterised by symbols, traditions, narratives, sacred places, people, beings that are intended to explain the origin of life, meaning of life and the universe. Religions have over the years helped define human nature and the known and the unknown world. They have also defined and set standards on ethics, morality and general human lifestyle.
It is estimated that there are about 4,200 religions in the world. The most dominant religions in the world Continue reading...
Consumer Behavior Literature Review
Reality TV shows such as American Idol and the Bachelorette are amongst the top rated shows which attract the youth. The reason of appeal maybe accredited to the satisfaction consumers achieve by watching these shows as they relate and identify with these depictions. Marketers often use advertisements during these shows (such as the Coke can in the American Idol show) to promote their brands on a channel being highly viewed by the consumers. People engage in different behaviors when they are about to purchase a product and their consumption behavior is often affected by the advertisements, promotional deals, price, Continue reading...
Example Of The Family System And Psychology Literature Review
Thesis Statement: Analysis of the theory of autopoiesis and social constructionism with respect to character and family through the reviews of two articles.
The inception of Psychology was not just aimed at studying the psychological stipulation and behaviour of a being it was envisaged that psychology would help in understanding the human mind better which would further help in improving the quality of life; be it through reading a criminal mind or strengthening the bond between life-partners. Certain aspects of psychology play a crucial role in determining the factors which affect individuals, their personalities, personal thoughts and family lives. Continue reading...
Impact Of Technology On Supporting First Grade Students Creative Thinking In Mathematics Literature Review Examples
Impact of Technology on Supporting First Grade Students’ Creative Thinking in Mathematics
This research provides an in-depth examination of the impact of technology in supporting the acquisition of mathematical creative thinking skills among first-grade student. It examines how technology can be properly integrated with mathematics to promote math’s performance without declining creative thinking skills in mathematics among the elementary students.
Social constructivism theory as the method of learning in first-grade mathematics students is advocated; it defines the developmental stages of a child and relates to his or her learning and problem-solving ability. Its requirements can properly be integrated to Computer-aided learning processes.
The value and importance of common core Continue reading...
Review Of The Paper Glial Cells In Neuronal Network Function - Literature Review
The importance of neurons in the body coordination of information is of complex activities that could be understand easily. Several researches have been conducted regarding this area of neuronal function and it is known that astrocytes play an integral function in synaptic functions. This paper by Alfonso and Marta (2010) is focused mainly on understanding the main roles of astrocytes in nervous system and its functional properties which operates at intercellular level of glial networks.
It also highlights the components of the neuronal activity and synaptic transmission and plasticity. Previous articles published in the field and Continue reading...
Neuroinflammation In Parkinson’s Disease: Literature Reviews Examples
Its role in Microglia causing dopamine cell death
This assignment is being submitted on June 18, 2015
The list of prominent neurodegenerative disorders has Alzheimer’s at the topmost level and closely following it is the Parkinson’s disease. The latest researches pertaining to the Parkinson’s pathogenesis have narrowed down to the crucial relevance of Neuroinflammation and establishment of microglia. Thus there has to be a concrete substantiation to prove that Neuroinflammation has a significant contribution in causing Parkinson’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. Another approach to ratify the same can be done by proposing that genetic deficiency is not the sole cause for Continue reading...
Good Literature Review About A Comparison Between Supermarkets And Discounters In The UK
Definitions of Terms
A supermarket is a big type of grocery store that offers self-services. It has diverse varieties of household and food items that are organized into walkways. The size is larger and wider than grocery store, but it is smaller and more restricted in the choice of commodities they sell than a hypermarket (Blythe, 2008). A discounter is a smaller type of supermarket that offers its services and products under a subsidized price as compared to the indicated process. The services however are like those initiated at the supermarket the only difference coming into play through prices. A customer under Continue reading...
Example Of Historic Living City Literature Review
Heritage planning primarily involves the development, preservation, and restoration of heritage sites. Heritage sites come in different forms and one of which is the historic living city. Essentially, the historic living city pertains to towns or cities that grow alongside the development of urban spaces. It contributes or influences development in various disciplines such as heritage planning and architecture among others, and components or segments of human life be it cultural, economic, social, and political life (Bandarin & van Oers, 2012; Serageldin, Shluger, & Martin-Brown, 2001; Weyeneth, 2000). Historic living cities also bear specific qualities and characteristics, which is why defining Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On Shakespeare, Merchant Of Venice & Bennet And Royle Chapter 20 'sexual Difference
The gender divide is apparent in these lines where the roles of the father and the daughter and the responsibilities of a wife towards her husband are juxtaposed and arranged against each other. However, the duties of a wife are already pre-ordained. Jessica, the daughter of Shylock is ashamed of the deeds of her Father who is a stingy money lender bent upon extracting the maximum profit from all his victims. Thus, where the traits of a father may normally manifest themselves in the child, Jessica is happy and almost proud to say that despite being her father’s Continue reading...
Classroom Management: Effective Teachers And Instructional Practices In Public Schools Literature Review Samples
The relationship established between the teachers and the students in of paramount importance in the success of any learning institution (Mujis & Reynold, 2010). The teacher plays a significant role in the establishment of this productive working environment that will make the students perform in the best way. Mujis and Reynold say that efficient management of a classroom entails proper discipline, sufficient motivation of students and class preparedness among others. They say that the success of any teacher is dependent on classroom training, organization and management as they help in planning hence preventing potential problems. Strategies on arranging physical space, Continue reading...
Role Of Warehousing In Reverse Logistics Literature Review Example
Reverse Logistics has been gaining importance of all sorts of businesses all across the globe. Tremendous research activities are coming up daily, suggesting new frameworks and models suitable for each business type and situation. Warehousing and Reverse Logistics are important to each other as they are in the direct relationship. The major issues in this regard are the lesser dedicated space for the returned items, too much paper work involved in getting the items back to the warehouse and from the warehouse to the production units, too much extensive process for tracking the reasons of return to the warehouse, Continue reading...
Good French Resistance Movement Literature Review Example
Army of Shadows (L’Armée des Ombres) is an altered copy of a semi-autobiographical novel that was published in the year 1943 by the Joseph Kessel, a French Resister. The novel was set predominantly in the southern part of France, which is popularly known as the Free Zone. This zone was still not occupied at the time of this book’s publication. Marshal Philippe Pétain, a hero and survivor of the First World War, was the government leader based in Vichy. After the disgrace of the downfall, he was seen as a rescuer and liberator who would Continue reading...
Free Literature Review On The Role Of Xylitol In Alleviating Dry Mouth:
The human body possesses a remarkable capability that can however be jeopardized by disease. Dental conditions occur as some of the most pertinent concerns in human health. Often connoted as Xerostomia, dry mouth occurs as one the dental conditions that jeopardize human health in different ways. Speaking of dry mouth, this connotes to any dental condition that precipitates dryness of the mouth. In fact, dry mouth occurs in cases where an individual experiences frequent episodes whereby the mouth becomes unusually dry. Many at times, dry mouth is elicited by the decrease in saliva production, which is often caused by Continue reading...
Good There Are Different Types Of Music Impacts On The Humans And Specially The Mental Literature Review Example
Music plays an unchallenging positive role on the mental patents. Not only the advance researches have proved its importance, but also the evidence of music treatment were found in the ancient times histories. Music is the part of every tradition for many years and nobody can deny its importance.
Today, the role of music repetition has proved a way of treatment for the mental patients for the therapy and disorder purposes. The researches of the neurophysiological have described the demonstrational impacts of music not only the patients but also useful for the basic emotional system of the body Continue reading...
Psychological Effects Of Cyber Bullying On Adolescents Literature Review Samples
[Author Name(s), First M. Last, Omit Titles and Degrees]
Cyberbullying is a recurrent reason of emotional distress among children and adolescents. This situation becomes further complex by interpersonal safety issues. These safety issues come through the peer group of adolescents and are difficult to control and monitor. This paper will give an account of cyber bullying, some common responses of adolescents to cyberbullying and the ways to fight it. There exist a lot of technological tools to combat cyberbullying. But it is an interpersonal issue in the social situation. It is, therefore, necessary to build Continue reading...
Example Of Effect Of Culture In Knowledge Management Literature Review
The growing accessibility of the global market opened up unlimited opportunities for multinational organizations. However, such expanding market requires more knowledge base that the organizations normally have access to, and yet hampered due to factors essentially within the organization (Ang & Massingham, 2007; Szulanski, 1996). Shared assumptions, values, and norms must be in place to provide a sustainable source of internal motivation towards KM execution (Zheng, Yang, & McLean, 2010). A growing number of scholars considered organizational culture as he critical factor that supports or hampers the effective and efficient transfer and sharing of knowledge between units in the organization ( Continue reading...
Good Political Science Literature Review Example
Terrorism can be defined as use of violence and other forms of intimidation in the pursuit of political aims. Terrorism has become an issue of global concern given the detrimental effects it usually has on economies and lives of people. State terrorism is defined as the terrorist activities carried out by a state against its own people or a foreign state. Currently, state terrorism presents a huge challenge to counter-terrorism. The USA, for example, has been a target for nation-state terrorism. The 9/11 attacks are a perfect example of state terrorism attacks. State sponsored terrorism can take different forms. Continue reading...