The incidents that led to the reported explosion and deaths of seven astronauts in the Space Shuttle Challenger were evaluated comprehensively in the article written by Ferraris and Carveth (2003) whose findings clearly revealed that groupthink evidently contributed to the disaster . On the other hand, another article written by Wells (2005) contested the allegation and instead, asserted that using the disaster of the Space Shuttle Challenger as an ironic example of groupthink which evidently falls in the same framework where the scenario was evaluated using the components and elements of groupthink
(Wells, 2005, par. 3).
Groupthink was specifically defined