What is Net Present Value (NPV)
NPV = Total PV of CF – Initial cash outflow
Where total PV of cash flow is defined by
PV of CF = CF1 / (1+r)^1 + CF2 / (1+r)^2 + CF3 / (1+r)^3 + CF4 / (1+r)^4 + CF5 / (1+r)^5. CFn/ (1+r)^n
Net present value helps in comparing a dollar today with a dollar in the future. It can do so by discounting the future dollar by adjusting for inflation (Rouse, 2011). Companies use this method to see the financial viability of a project against its financial target.
In the problem, the cash flow is indicated in the first row of